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Alison G.
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Political Science
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Question:

The MASTERPIECE CAKESHOP, LTD., ET AL. v. COLORADO CIVIL RIGHTS COMMISSION ET AL. court case put up the question of whether a baker should have to make a cake for a gay couple which he believed to go against his religion. Many argued that the Supreme Court's decision (in favor of the baker) was made because of the conservative justices who control the court currently. Is this an accurate argument? Would the outcome have been different if more liberal justices were in power?

Alison G.
Answer:

There has been a reoccurring argument over the nature of the Supreme Court: are decisions based on the views of justices or solely on the law? Much research has been done on this topic, and it has concluded that justices do indeed use their personal values to make decisions. There are so many precedents available for use that Supreme Court justices are able to pick and choose what they want to use to fit their values. Of course, there are exceptions to this. One such example is that decisions are also largely based on the perceived credibility of lawyers, which could change or effect a justice's decision. However, justices are likely to see lawyers as more credible if they are arguing for the side that fits with the justice's value. Therefore, it is fair to argue that the decision made in MASTERPIECE CAKESHOP, LTD., ET AL. v. COLORADO CIVIL RIGHTS COMMISSION ET AL. was based largely on the justices' values and would be different if more liberal justices were in power.

International Relations
TutorMe
Question:

Compare and contrast the Democratic Peace Theory and Constructivist Theory.

Alison G.
Answer:

Both the Democratic Peace Theory and Constructivist Theory are theories of International Relations. The Democratic Peace Theory argues that democracies are inherently more peaceful, never or almost never having wars or conflicts between them. Constructivist Theory argues that conflict does not come from the governmental system (democracy, dictatorship, or so on), but rather from past interactions with other states. For example, the US is more likely to have conflict with Cuba than Canada, because the US has had conflict with Cuba before, but not with Canada. The Democratic Peace Theory would instead argue that this is because Canada is a democracy, while Cuba is not.

Comparative Government and Politics
TutorMe
Question:

Compare and Contrast Russia and the USA's democratic systems.

Alison G.
Answer:

Russia and the US are both considered democracies, however, they vary widely under that title. While Russia is a democracy, it is considered a Hybrid Democracy or an Illiberal Democracy, unlike the US. Both the US and Russia feature elections, a trademark of democracy. Yet, the US has free and fair elections to elect leaders, while Russia's elections are corrupt and biased, making Russia a Hybrid Democracy.

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