Why was China able to initially resist outside influences from Western civiliazitions?
China was initially able to resist outside influences from Western civilizations because as a country it had a strong agricultural foundation. During the 11th century, China had acquired a quick-growing strain of rice from Southeast Asia. By the time of the Qing Dynasty, the rice was being grown throughout the southern part of the country. Around the same time, the 17th and 18th centuries, Spanish and Portuguese traders brought maize, sweet potatoes, and peanuts from the Americas. These crops helped China increase the productivity of its land and more effectively feed its huge population. China also had extensive mining and manufacturing industries and had little need for industrial imports. Over time influence from the west would grow due to internal conflicts dealing with opium and the Taiping Rebellion.
Sum up the ideas of the Progressive Era and include key figures and what they were trying to achieve in America in the early 1900's.
The progressive era in America was a time of change that lasted roughly 15-20 years. Prior to the progressive era was the gilded age. It was this gilded age that sparked a need for change. Immigration reform, child labor laws, the food industry, and trust busting would all be a part of the change of the progressive era. A couple of key figures of the progressive era are Upton Sinclair and Theodore Roosevelt. Upton Sinclair is most famous for his book The Jungle which exposed the unsanitary conditions of the meat packing industry. Sinclair's work would later lead to the foundation of the FDA. Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th president of the U.S. His policies and robust attitude created many changes throughout the progressive era. Teddy as he was called, is most credited with his trust busting tactics. This was very important for moving the country out of the gilded age and into an period of growth and prosperity by splitting up monopolies and trusts.
List the Axis powers from WWII in Europe and explain the outcome of the war. When did it begin (year) and end (year) and how did it impact Europe? Include leaders and other important information that is necessary to answering the question.
The Axis powers of WWII include Germany, Italy, and Japan. The second world war began in 1939 and ended in 1945 after the dropping of two atomic bombs on Japan. Conflict in Europe, resulting from WWI, is what sparked WWII. Adolf Hitler, Fuhrer of Germany, revitalized the nation by breaking the Treaty of Versailles and gained alliances with Benito Mussolini of Italy and Hideki Tojo of Japan. WWII impacted Europe because it allowed Russia to gain control of Eastern Europe while becoming an atomic super power. It also threw countries like England, France, and Germany into debt and required extensive rebuilding of the infrastructure in these countries.