Tutor profile: Melissa D.
Subject: US Government and Politics
Why is it so difficult for congress to pass laws in the U.S. that are actually desired by the majority of the American people but seem to cater to only a few?
In the U.S. model of a democratic republic two party system, Political Action Committees and Lobbyists are allowed to influence the representatives and senators elected to act on or behalf. The Political Action Committees have more restraining rules against them, however have the money and power to influence the congress and senate by providing them with re-election funds and other rewards the American people will never know about. Lobbyists come from other countries as well as the U.S. and are protecting their interests such as the N.R.A. and Israel, the two largest lobby groups and most powerful in the U. S. Those lobby groups cannot be outspent by the American people as most are well below the wealth guidelines and even though it is implied that the representatives are their to represent the people, they usually represent the money trail. If a law dissatisfies a powerful lobby or PAC, it is highly unlikely to get a law passed that the U.S. majority would like to have passed, because of the power of lobby group and PAC and fear of re-election.
Subject: World History
In Africa, many political models are based on the European models of governances. Why were those influences in place?
After world War II, the division and retracing of false boundaries of African countries were divided up like marbles amongst the victors of the War, many countries in Africa were created and governed by their European colonialists, if they still held power or their newly appointed Empirical leaders. Many countries were created and combined who held long time rival tribes forced together to live under one governance that was foreign. These foreign government entities felt it best to educate the puppet leaders of certain countries in their own universities and even forced their language upon the diverse African cultures, not taking into consideration that many Africa did not exist with borders, but more so with tribal boundaries. South Africa, owned by the Dutch for many years, created a language all its own and Jim Crow Laws based on whites (Dutch) having more power than the African people who lived there. The Ivory cost for example, was held by the French and renamed a French name, Cote d'Ivoire and continued until the continent began to undergo waves of independence which began around the 1950s. some models of governance still have tastes of the European flavor such as Kenya who has combined capitalism with socialism in certain aspects of the society creating its own type of governance called Kenyata Capitalism. Those European influence's created many problems for the future and multiple civil wars and waves of independence and a complete redrawing of the map of Africa which was never theirs to redraw in the first place.
Subject: US History
Why did Abraham Lincoln free slaves in the south during the civil war?
Abraham Lincoln freed slaves in the south to turn them against their masters and add further unrest to the confederate war efforts. Great Britain had done away with slavery and was rumored to recognize the confederacy, and since they did not favor slavery anymore this would also put slavery as a moral deciding factor for support of such a societal wrong, and thus became a decisive strategic initiative. With freed slaves, and two fights in the confederacy, it would be much more difficult for the confederacy since they did not recognize the Emancipation Proclamation. It was quite a good chess move made by the north and added to the northern war efforts and thus on to victory. Lincoln had been given credit freeing slaves, however none really were until after they fled or the south was defeated, but many scholars believe it to be a great war strategy when the whole southern way of life was based on free labor. Create two fights for your enemy, and add a moral issue for your enemies friend and you will exhaust them by far.
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