Were the American Colonists just in declaring their independence from Great Britain?
This question can be analyzed differently from certain perspectives but when looking at the perspective of the colonists one could say that they were just in wanting their independence. The British government was not necessarily wrong in asking the colonists to pay higher taxes since they were paying fewer taxes than other British citizens at the time. Also, the British government had to spend more money to defend colonies that were far away. However, the British government made the mistake of not allowing the colonists to have representation in Parliament. The colonists were technically British citizens and unlike their counterparts living in England, the colonists did not have a representative that would be able to speak or vote for them regarding tax laws. This took away rights that they should have had as citizens of England and thus would make it declaring their independence acceptable.
What is the difference between a formative and summative assessment as it relates to the data collected on student achievement?
A formative assessment is one that is done during the process of learning. It allows a teacher to gauge how well a student has mastered the content while learning is still taking place. It also allows a teacher to adjust instruction during lessons to meet the needs of students. A summative assessment is done once all teaching and learning have been completed. These assessments are used to evaluate the learning that was done. Normally these would be considered end of unit exams or final exams.
Why did the framers of our government include checks and balances within the three branches of government and what is a check that each branch of government has on one of the others?
The framers of our government were worried about one branch of government becoming more powerful than the others and taking the basic rights away from citizens. One check that the legislative branch has on the executive branch is that all nominations for government positions made by the President need to be confirmed through the legislative branch. The executive branch can check the power of the legislative branch by vetoing bills so that they won't become a law. The Judicial branch has the power to rule laws unconstitutional which really checks the power of both the legislative and executive branch as both have a say making and approving laws.