Shakespeare's Sonnet 130, printed below, is a satire of many sonnets of the day. Explain how. My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun Coral is far more red than her lips' red If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun; If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head. I have seen roses damask'd, red and white, But no such roses see I in her cheeks; And in some perfumes is there more delight Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks. I love to hear her speak, yet well I know That music hath a far more pleasing sound; I grant I never saw a goddess go; My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground: And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare As any she belied with false compare.
Petrarch, the father of the romantic poetry genre, would often use the blazon technique to describe each part of his woman's body. This technique was then copied by many other poets as the genre progressed. Here, Shakespeare also takes parts of his mistress's body and compares them to beautiful things. However, he pokes fun at the hyperbole often used in the other poets' work but mentioning that, in fact, his mistress is nothing like the sun or coral or roses, etc. Instead of honoring a woman for all the unreachable qualities, his poem shows a love for the more genuine aspects of a woman.
This quote from The Great Gatsby exemplifies one of the themes in the text: the idea of the American dream. Explain how it connects. '"Her voice is full of money," he said suddenly. That was it. I'd never understood before. It was full of money—that was the inexhaustible charm that rose and fell in it, the jingle of it, the cymbals' song of it."
This quote exemplifies the difference in social classes and how that can contribute to an individual's ability to achieve or not achieve the American dream. The idea that you can hear that charm of her wealth simply by the sound of her voice personifies class into a visible entity. When wealth is a thing you can see and hear, how could it even be possible to achieve more than your social standing?
Ethos, pathos, and logos are modes of persuasion used in speaking, writing, advertising, etc. Explain the difference between the three.
Ethos is a gut feeling, appealing to the audience's trust. When using ethos, the speaker makes themselves seem more credible. Pathos appeals to the audience's emotions, their values and feelings. Instead of the gut, it relates to the heart, often attempting to garner sympathy. Logos appeals to the audience's logic and reasoning skills. It may involve giving evidence and facts. Instead of the gut or heart, it appeals to the brain.