UC Application Essay: Describe the most significant challenge you have faced and the steps you have taken to overcome this challenge. How has this challenge affected your academic achievement?
I can't do this anymore My eyes flicked between a mountain of homework and the clock, everything blurred in my tired eyes by tears. It was 6:30 pm, and I had just gotten home from practice. As I did most nights, I would do homework until 2:30 am, and collapse into bed, only to awake in four hours to begin the next overwhelming day. When my mom told me that she was going to nursing school, I was proud of her, and wanted to help however I could. However, I had no idea how drastically my role in the family would have to change. Suddenly, I was responsible for myself and my two younger sisters. Attempting to integrate this new level of responsibility into my rigorous extracurricular and academic schedule made me feel as though my mental faculties were far too finite to accomplish the never-ending to do list before me. Eventually, my academic performance began to suffer, and receiving a C on a progress report was the impetus for change. I wanted to be successful, and couldn't let my parents, who worked so hard for me and my sisters, down. I started to attend after-school tutoring, deleted all social media, and did homework whenever I could throughout the school day. To oversee housework, I created a "chore chart" that gave my sisters an incentive in the form of small treats, such as a game night or candy, for completing daily chores; the amenity of routine was my compensation. By the end of junior year, I had brought all my grades back up. My mom going to college helped me feel more ready to take that step myself, even though adjusting to it was trying. As I move on from high school, I am comforted by the knowledge that I am capable of managing a high level of stress, and stepping up when necessary to take care of what needs to be taken care of. I have developed an ability to stay organized and sense of time-management that will be vital to my success at the university level.
Public opinion polls are commonly used by politicians and the media. (a) Identify two characteristics of a reliable scientific public opinion poll. (b) Describe one way polling results are used by politicians. (c) Explain how frequent public opinion polls impact media coverage of political campaigns.
a) Two characteristics of reliable scientific public opinion poll are random sampling, and unbiased wording of polling questions. Random sampling is important to gauge the opinion of the entire population. If one was polling to determine the public opinion on a Republican candidate versus a Democrat, polling only Republican voters would cause the results to favor the Republican candidate. Unbiased wording is important because the way a question is posed can influence the answers. For example, if someone was doing a poll about abortion, and the question was posed as "Do you support the killing of babies?", then the question would not be a viable source for public opinion on abortion. b) Polling results are used by politicians to determine which states to campaign in. If a candidate polls in a state and the vote is closer to split between them and the opposition, they will be more likely to campaign there than a state that is staunchly for one candidate or the other, because they want to use their resources to try to win over any votes they can. It is easier for them to convince a state that has a moderate amount of people in favor of them than a state that is very much for their opposition. In addition, it doesn't make sense for them to use resources in a state that they are reasonably certain will vote for them. (A democratic presidential candidate probably wouldn't campaign in California, since California almost always votes Democrat). c) Public opinion polls that generate data relating to the election and what percentage of people are in favor of a certain candidate contributes to horse race journalism. This is where the media focuses on public opinion rather than the candidates' policy or platform. It also makes it so candidates can modify their approach in order to gain more support, if they can see directly how their actions and statements affect public opinion.
Assume that the US economy is in a recession. Now assume that the euro zone, a major trading partner of the US also falls into a recession. Explain the effects of the recession on the United States' exports to the euro zone, aggregate demand, and unemployment rate. Then, explain how these changes will subsequently affect the value of the dollar with respect to the euro.
Since the recession in the euro zone will cause a decrease in income for the residents of that area, they will not be able to purchase as many goods from the US. As such, the total amount of exports will also fall. Since net exports are a component of aggregate demand, the aggregate demand in the US will fall as well. Since less goods will need to be manufactured to meet foreign demand, the unemployment rate will rise. This is because less people will be required to produce the goods that were going to the euro zone before the recession occurred. Finally, since the euro zone will be exchanging less euros for dollars in order to purchase US goods, the amount of euros in the market will decrease. Since there will be less euros available to be exchanged for dollars, they increase, or appreciate in value.