Describe quoting and paraphrasing information and briefly explain how to cite each in APA style within your paper.
Quoting is using a direct phrase from another source in your own writing. It can help bolster your credibility, or there may be a short phrase or concept that wouldn't sound better in your own words within your paper. Quotes are usually in parenthesis, and in APA style must include the author's last name, the year of publication, and the number of the page from which the quote came. These elements are often in parenthesis at the end of a quote, but do not have to be as long as they are included. Paraphrasing is the act of re-iterating a source's information in your own words, rather than using a direct quote. It can help to make an idea flow better within a paper and function as a jumping off point for your own thoughts on the concept. It is very important, when using paraphrasing, that you distinguish which ideas you have taken from others and which are your own, and cite them accordingly. In APA style, you only need to include the author's name and the year of publication, although you are encouraged to also include the page number of the work if applicable.
When attempting to memorize a large number of definitions for an exam, what is the the best way to effectively utilize flashcards?
Chances are that while initially being taught the material, you were able to internalize at least some of the definitions you need to know. It's important to devote as much time as possible to the terms you do not know or are less sure of, so you first need to be able to pinpoint which terms these are. Start by writing a list of the terms. Go through the flashcards as normal, placing the terms you got right in one pile and the terms you got wrong in the other pile. Do not be generous! If you get a definition only mostly right do not be afraid to put it in the 'wrong' pile. Afterwards, go through your list and put an X next to every term did not define correctly. Read through all of the definitions of the terms you didn't know, then go through all of the flashcards again - including the ones you got right. Repeat this process two more times. At this point you should have a good understanding of which terms are going to be a problem for you to understand and remember. At this point, you have a few good options for really imbibing the definitions of the terms you don't know. One option is handwriting out the definitions, another is reading them aloud or teaching them to someone else. All are helpful tools for internalizing and understanding information. This process may be repeated as many times as necessary, and both helps to make sure you are able to touch on all of the content you need to memorize, and also focus on areas where you are having difficulty.
Describe the meaning of the term 'intersectionality.'
Intersectionality describes the method of examining a person's relationship to societal 'power' structures using multiple factors - including but not limited to race, gender, class, and sexual orientation - so as not to generalize an entire group's experience based on just one factor. The term was originally used in 1989 in an essay discussing the ways in which black women have been largely left behind in the feminist and anti-discrimination movements. It is crucial to understand that the experiences of an upper class white woman differ from the experiences of a poverty-stricken black women. They may both be women, and face similar obstacles because of their gender, but their relationship to power is vastly different because of both their ethnicity and class.