What is the nature vs. nurture debate? Which branch of psychology identifies with each side?
The nature vs. nurture debate concerns whether human behavior is determined by the environment of an individual (early childhood experiences, social relationships, culture) or by their genes (personality and physical characteristics). Behaviorism focuses on the environmental impact on our behavior while biological psychology focuses on genetics. Although this debate has been going on for a long time, today most psychologists realize that both sides play an important role in our behavior and that they interact with each other.
What is the difference between a primary source and a secondary source? Why is it important to understand the difference?
A primary source is evidence or a source of information from an event in history that was created at the time of the event. Examples of a primary source could include a diary, recording, autobiography, document, or any other source of evidence that was directly from the event. A secondary source is a recording or document about an event in history that was created after the event occurred. For example, if a historian writes a paper about the Civil War, this would be an example of a secondary source because it provides information about the event but is not direct evidence from the event. It is important to understand the difference between primary and secondary sources because it allows us to interpret the information differently. A secondary source may help to introduce new perspectives and ideas about the event that were not evident in the primary source. However, it is important to recognize whether or not a secondary source is biased based on the writer's viewpoint.
What are the different purposes of the author writing a text? How can you determine the purpose, and why is it important to understand?
The author's purposes could be to inform, persuade, or entertain. This can be determined through the vocabulary and organization that the author uses. For example, if the text includes facts and is arranged under headings, this text is most likely to inform. If the text uses vocabulary to convince the reader to think or behave a certain way, the purpose is to persuade. If the text tells a story, the purpose is to entertain. The author's purpose is important to understand because it helps us to better evaluate the text and the message that the author wants us to receive as an audience.