What is a common theme of The Great Gatsby? Pick one and explain in detail
A common theme in the Great Gatsby is isolation. Despite the book going in-depth about parties and the glitz and glamour of the roaring twenties, Fitzgerald paints pictures of lonely people. The main character, Nick Carraway goes from being optimistic and excited to enter the lives of Gatsby and his ritzy friends to depressed, confused and alone at the end of the novel. We discover at the end of the novel that he moves back to a simple life in the Midwest, completely unsatisfied with the East-coast life style. Jay Gatsby himself is a symbol of isolation as well, as despite the large parties and wealth that he boasts, it is merely a show. Jay Gatsby spends most of his nights alone, pining for the green light and Daisy, a one-sided love affair in which she treasures the comfort and safety of staying with her husband, despite his foulness, than running away with Gatsby.
What were some of the characteristics of "Absolute Monarchs" during the 16th and 17th century? Please give at least one example of a monarch and the ways they maintained control over the state and its subjects.
Absolute Monarchs claimed that they were given the divine right to rule as Kings. They would often dissolve parliaments or any other legislative body in order to transfer the power solely to themselves. Absolute Monarchs have the ultimate say in what production should occur in the state, what laws, and who could be punished or rewarded. One of the most famous absolute monarch is Louis XIV, commonly referred as the "Sun King". Louis XIV built the Palace of Versailles for strategic means. The palace contained multiple rooms, entertainment venues, and a beautiful court where Louis would reside in. The king's throne was surrounded by large windows and mirrors, so when the sunshine would come in it would create a glowing, golden effect around Louis. This helped set a presence of the King appearing god-like and heavenly whenever someone would approach the King. Another strategic way that Versailles was built, was that it was placed away from the center of Paris. Louis did this so nobles would have to reside in Versailles and be within his presence. This was so he could spy on them, and see any potential conspiring against him as well as maintain further control. Finally, Louis had control over all governing positions- Legislative, Judicial, and Executive. He could condemn anyone to death at will. This is an example of how one absolute monarch ruled during the 16th and 17th centuries.