I have an excel spreadsheet, and I have columns printing on multiple pages. How do I get them all on one page?
You can do one of two things. When you open up your Excel file, click on the "View" tab and then click on "Page Break Preview." From here you can view what columns and rows will print on each page. Drag the dotted or solid cutoff lines to include the columns and rows you wish to include. You may also go to the "File" tab, click "Print," and in the "Custom Scaling" box, click on "Fit all columns on one page." This is really only helpful if you only have one page. If your work should truly be on multiple pages, then I would stick with the Page Break Preview.
Employers with defined benefit pension plans may give their employees a choice to collect a lump sum or a monthly amount for the remainder of their lives. Which is better for the employer's plan?
One should consider the age of the employee at pension commencement, the amount of the monthly amount, how long the employee will need to collect the monthly amount before it matches the lump sum amount, and how much longer past that date the employee will continue to live. Since no one can pinpoint the date at which an employee will pass away, those retiring younger and collecting a monthly amount will likely have a greater burden on an employer's pension plan since they should reach the value of the lump sum amount earlier in their lives. Someone retiring later in life may be less likely to hit the value of the lump sum. Employers may also want to consider the benefits of paying out a lump sum, as after the payout the organization is no longer responsible for maintaining funds in an account to cover that sum of money or the required premiums they are required to pay to have that sum of money funded for employee retirement.
How does Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs translate into management theory?
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs can best be illustrated using a bottom-up pyramid to describe the physiological, safety, social, ego and self-actualization needs of individuals. Once the bottom need has been met, then an individual can advance to the fulfillment of the next need. By fulfilling the basic needs of their employees, management teams can assist employees in advancing the fulfillment of other needs, and in the process of doing so, allowing the employee to create a stronger bond within the organization and therefore retaining talent.