Hey there! I have a question - I have been taught Spanish in high school and now in college, but some concepts are very different and I am not sure which is correct, especially with the verb "coger." What does it truly mean? Where/when is it appropriate to use it?
Hello there! Although Spanish has core elements that are the same everywhere, there are many Spanish-speaking countries that have developed their own dialect and terminology, as well as modified the meaning of certain words according to context. This is why some of the concepts you learned in high school might be different when you learn them again in college; chances are, both teachers were from different Spanish-speaking countries. Normally, this isn't a problem except when it comes to certain words or phrases that, used in a certain context in a certain place, can be offensive or insulting. This is what happens with the verb "coger." "Coger" in most countries means "to perform sexual acts." Which is why if you say in, for example, Mexico or Argentina, "Voy a coger el vaso" they're understanding, "I will perform sexual acts with the cup." However, in other places like Cuba and Puerto Rico, "coger" is a verb that means "to take" or "to get." It can sometimes have sexual connotations but doesn't in most cases. So if you say, "Voy a coger a esa persona" they're understanding, "I will get/capture that person." Hope this helps!
Hey! I'm an undergraduate college student and I don't understand what the Freudian concepts of id, ego and superego mean. Could you please clarify their meaning?
Of course! Id is what is referred to as the unconscious, most primal and instinctive parts of our being. It factors in what we have biologically inherited. Id acts on the pleasure principle, which states that every impulse and desire you have should be satisfied immediately. It is the deepest part of our being and personality; therefore, it remains untouched and unscathed by the real world. It involves our primary process thinking, and it is selfish and illogical as well as irrational. Ego is what is the part of the Id that has been influenced by the external, or real, world. It is the reasonable part of our beings, and it is the part of us that makes decisions. It acts according to the realistic principle; it seeks out pleasure just like the Id, but formulates realistic and reasonable ways to approach and obtain said pleasure. The ego, being rational while the id is irrational, can sometimes not fully be in control; when it is not, and the id takes over our personality, defense mechanisms come out. The ego involves our secondary process thinking, which is rational, logical and calculative. Superego is the moralistic part of our being. It is the part that controls both the id and the ego but in vastly different ways; it controls the id's primal instincts to commit actions deemed immoral by society, whereas it encourages the ego to further reach moralistic goals rather than simply realistic ones. It can be divided into two parts: the ideal self and the conscience. The ideal self is that image you develop of who you ought to be, and it is often too high to achieve and therefore can cause you to feel guilty through your conscience. Hope this helps! If you need more help, let me know!
Hey! I need some help with the usage of the preposition "en" in English. When is it appropriate to use in, on, and at?
Hello there! Since the preposition "en" is used to refer to all of the above in Spanish, I understand how tricky it can be. Don't worry - I'll help you sort out the differences with some quick help! You use "in" is used mostly for referring to an unspecified time of day. For example: The weather gets significantly hotter in the summer. "In" is also used to indicate a feeling or a belief, like "I feel in love." It is also appropriate to be used when referring to shape, size and color. For example: I would like this shirt in blue, please. "On" is used to indicate surfaces, specific dates, and to specify when somebody is using a technological device. An example of its usage with surface is, "The cards are on the table." Another example is, "The bracelet is on my wrist." The distinction between "in" and "on" when it comes to dates is that "on" is specific whereas "in" is more ambiguous; you say "In the morning," but to specify, "On Mondays." Finally, with technological devices the word's usage is, "She has been on the phone for two hours." Finally, the least complicated one is "at." The usage of this preposition is reserved mostly to indicate a specific time or place. For example, you say, "Let's meet at the cafeteria at six o'clock." Hope this helps! Let me know if you're still unsure about something!