I'm having trouble with understanding the process of goal-setting when working with a client. It seems like I am consistently being told that the goals I set are too high. Can you help explain it to me?
When working with a client to set goals, there are several things that you must take into account. First, you should not be the person setting the goals. Social workers must allow their clients to practice self-determination, as it is one of our core values. If you are setting the goals for your clients, then they may have little to no motivation to follow through with said goals. My suggestion would be to discuss what is important to the individual you are working with before moving on to goal-setting. You may find that they are preoccupied with other wants and needs that have not been addressed in initial meetings. After narrowing down what the goals will be focused on, start small and make sure they are S.M.A.R.T. SMART goals are: Specific Measurable Attainable Realistic Time bound For example, if you are working with an individual that wants help with quitting smoking, the goal they set should start small and focus on all of the above aspects. EX: I will go from smoking one pack of cigarettes (20) per day down to half of a pack (10) per day by the time we have our meeting next week. If your client needs some tips on how to meet that goal, your next step would be addressing the "how." If you need any further assistance with goal-setting, please let me know and I would be happy to help!
I am taking an elective course in Psychology and the professor just told us that he only provides essay exams. He has given us the prompts ahead of time, but I've never taken an exam with only essays and writing isn't my strong suit. Do you have any tips on how to answer the essay questions?
I can absolutely help you with some resources for answering essay questions effectively. When looking over the prompts, first it is important to figure out the type of question being asked. There are generally four types of questions: 1) Recall 2) Analysis 3) Application and 4) Opinion. Is your professor asking you to memorize your notes and recount what was learned in the class? Then it is a recall question. Is he asking you to compare and contrast different facets of information? If so, this is more of an analysis. This prompt will require the use of information learned in class with additional critical thinking on your part. When using an application based essay question, your professor will ask you to use the information learned from the course to justify or explain outside situations and events. Lastly, opinion questions will ask what you think about something that was touched on during class. I have a wonderful chart that has key words associated with each type of question as well as tips on how to answer them if you would be interested in a visual. In addition to the information above, here are ten helpful hints to use when answering essays: 1. Read the questions very carefully at least 2 or 3 times. 2. Circle the main verb (= action verb/imperative) in the question and decide on the necessary rhetorical strategy for answering the question (cause-effect, comparison-contrast, definition, classification, problem-solution). 3.Make sure you understand what type of answer the main verb calls for (a diagram a summary, details, an analysis, an evaluation). 4. Circle all the keywords in the question. 5. Decide if you need to write a 1-paragraph or a multi-paragraph answer. 6. Write a brief outline of all the points you want to mention in your answer. 7. Restate the question and answer it with a topic sentence (for a 1-paragraph answer) or a thesis statement (for a multi-paragraph answer). 8. Answer the question according to general rules of academic writing. Use indentations; begin each paragraph with a topic sentence; support the topic sentence(s) with reasons and/or examples; use transition words to show logical organization; write a conclusion. 9. Use correct punctuation throughout. 10. Read over your answer again and check if all the main ideas have been included. Check your answer for grammar and punctuation.
Many people struggle with time management when it comes to studying. As someone who was a notorious procrastinator before beginning college, I have been asked about the best way to organize one's day when it seems like you've taken on too much.
My first response to this question is the initial question of whether or not my client keeps a planner. If not, getting a planner is a must! When a student has homework, sports practices, games, work, volunteering, etc. on their agenda, writing everything down is the easiest way to remember. When filling out a planner, I suggest that students set aside 30 minutes to 1 hour on Sunday evenings to fill out all plans for the upcoming week. This way, everything is lined up and there is space for additions throughout the week itself. If the client still has trouble with time management past the use of a planner, we would address that together and find out what works best for them.