What is a clause?
A clause is part of a sentence. You can have a main clause or a subordinate clause. A main clause can be a sentence on its on- you could put a full stop after it and it would make sense. A subordinate clause does not make sense on its on. A subordinate clause gives the reader more information but is less important than the main clause. Think of 'sub' meaning less. When pupils write clauses, I get them to check them by using two different voices for the two clauses. For example, you could shout for the subordinate clause: Miss McGuinness, WHO LOVES CHOCOLATE, is celebrating her birthday next week. 'Who loves chocolate' does not make sense on its on, so is the subordinate clause. 'Miss McGuinness is celebrating her birthday next week' does make sense as full sentence and so is the main clause. I would then discuss the placing of subordinate clauses- at the beginning, middle or end of sentences.
What is the sum of 7 and 9?
I have found terminology to be a big stumbling block in maths. Most children I have taught have thought a sum could be an adding, subtracting, multiplying or dividing question. As a result, they become confused when asked such a question, not knowing what operation to use. This is a great first question to ask in order to assess a pupil's current understanding.
What is the difference between being horrified and terrified?
I often ask this question as I've found pupils regularly use these words interchangeably. After having a conversation with the pupil, I would suggest that if a person was in a dire situation, for example caught up in a natural disaster, they would be terrified. Someone watching on the television, however, would be horrified.