Explain the fall of the Roman Empire in terms of internal and external factors. What was going on both inside the empire and in the areas surrounding it that caused its demise?
The fall of the Roman Empire can be attributed to many different difficulties facing the empire near its end. Within its borders, plague had ravaged the population, leaving the survivors to find ways to feed themselves when 1/10 of the work force had died. Weak leaders also caused fracturing within the empire as those most fit to lead chose not to do so because working in government had become a dangerous job. Without a strong government the people began to cease paying taxes, leaving the empire without the money it needed to maintain its vast holdings and people. Outside of its borders, the Huns were pushing ever closer and forcing Germanic tribes closer to Rome. Lured by riches and a better climate, groups like the Goths attacked and weakened the empire even further. Because it had previously split into eastern and western parts, the empire did not disappear entirely, but it's Western half could no longer survive even as the eastern half continued to thrive for centuries.
Why did the Articles of Confederation ultimately fail? Use specific facts and provide context.
After gaining independence from Britain, Americans were weary of having a central government that was too powerful. Because of this they chose to create a government that gave much more power to the states than to the central government. Under the Articles of Confederation the states maintained a significant level of independence and could tax and control commerce within their borders. The central government could sign treaties, create currency, and declare war but they were dependent upon the states for funding. Ultimately, the central government created under the AOC was too weak to do even the few things it had the power to do and was replaced with the Constitution that we still follow to this day and which allows for more balance between the states and federal government.
If you were teaching a lesson to a history class with students of significantly different abilities, what kinds of activities could you do to differentiate and reach all students to make sure they succeed?
I could do a powerpoint with visual aids to make sure that both auditory and visual learners were receiving the information. I could also adjust the information to the level of my students as I present. I could use primary sources from the imperial period, such as "The White Man's Burden" for higher ability students and primary sources like personal diaries or even pictures/videos for students who may struggle. All students could answer the same questions asking them to examine a primary source and would get information that was equally as valuable to them. To show comprehension, students could choose between a writing prompt, a timeline, or a poster project so they could show comprehension in a way that works best for them but still asks them to show that they have understood what they have learned.