Has the gender ratio of the judiciary in the United Kingdom has influenced the law? How so?
“Given the predominance of male judges, this suggests a systematic tendency for judgments based on male life experience to prevail. Homogeneity then becomes mistaken for neutrality.” In the case of R v A , it was ruled by five male lords that “the alleged previous sexual relationship is inadmissible on the issue of consent, though it is admissible regarding the belief of consent.” The lords ruled that way on the account that the complainant had previously consented to sexual relations with the accused. However, there had reportedly been no consent during the instance at hand. In the book Feminist Judgements: From Theory to Practice, McGlynn analyzes the decision made through the perspective of a feminist and states that the bias that influenced that ruling stemmed from “myths about women’s lack of credibility...especially that of so-called ‘promiscuous’ or ‘unchaste’ women.” It is clear that from these contrasting judgements that the perspective of those who wield the power to set precedent is crucial. In the Seaboyer case, L’Heureux-Dube J stated that the measure for relevancy of information to a judgement is “one of experience, common sense or logic, it is decision particularly vulnerable to the application of private beliefs.”This statement exemplifies how a range of perspectives is imperative to the decision of a case verdict, as the reasoning from a singular archetype of judge cannot be expected to accurately represent the legal values of a diverse system. This brings into question the quality of the system of precedent that has been established. When the law so expansively regulates the details of human interaction, one has to rethink whether the power to dictate these rules have been proportionately entrusted to those who wield them. Through an analysis of the differences in bias that male and female judges may show, it can be concluded that the gender ratio in the judiciary has influenced the law and is something that should be remedied to achieve greater justice in society.
Can I apply for law if I did not take any classes on it in high school and have no formal legal experience?
Yes! I currently a law student at Durham University and did not have formal law experience or education at the time that I wrote my application. Since the law encompasses almost every aspect of the world, there is always a way to connect the classes that have been available to you, and any work experience that you have done to law. Furthermore, there are plenty of things that you can do demonstrate competency. A few of the things that I did was read cases and talk about aspects of the law that I was interested in exploring further, and then I demonstrated real interest by enrolling in online courses and reading books about those aspects. Through that, I was able to demonstrate in my personal statement that I had a genuine interest in the law and the drive and curiosity to see it through.
Political diversity and congruency have both positive and negative consequences on a country’s development. As a deeply divided country, the system of democracy in Nigeria has had a turbulent history. 1. Define the current system of government that Nigeria adopts and describe it's legitimacy 2. Explain the connection between geographical wealth and the political and ethnic divide
1. Nigeria's political system can be defined as a flawed democracy with a heavy patron clientelism influence. The national question explains this perfectly, as it explains that as a result of regional conflicts, neither the government nor the constituents can completely agree on how the country should be run. As eight constitutions have been written since the first one in 1914, constitutionalism has not quite become a concrete source of law within the government or the country. Fragmentation is a defining characteristic of the political landscape, as legitimacy is constantly questioned. With a history of military rule, democracy has been awaited in Nigeria. The election of 2011 is considered to be the most successful democratic election thus far, as a result of the reforms by The Independent National Electoral Commission which was established up in 1998. Although prebendalism is still a hinderance to the democratic legitimacy of Nigeria, the political efforts to establish an elected government as opposed to one under military rule has strengthened legitimacy and shown positive progress. 2. Ethnic and religious cleavages are a defining feature of Nigeria’s politics. The north is predominantly populated by Muslim Hausa-Fulani groups in the west and Kanuri groups in the east. Whereas the south is split between the Yoruba in the west and the Christian Igbo in the east. The middle belt consists of small ethnic groups that are mainly Muslims and Christians. The effect of so many religious and ethnic groups that strongly identify with their own people is that they generally cannot speak each other’s languages and generally do not mix or encourage integration. The general conflict can be defined as a continuous fight for power between the Muslim politicians in the north and the Christian politicians in the south. As a result of the Niger River Delta and the location of the capital Lagos in the south, the economy in the south has been prosperous. In contrast, the presence of the Boko Haram terror group and the lack of investment in agriculture and industrialisation, has resulted in a relatively uneducated population in the north.This has made for a deep north-south divide within the country not only religiously, but politically and in wealth as well.