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Thongthai T.
Master's Biotechnology student at UCF
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Biomedical Science
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Question:

The tail flame of chamander is important for proper thermoregulation of the specie, which is why the dysfunctionality of flame ignition mechanism, or Unlit Disease, could reduce survival of chammanders. Recently, Professor Oak has discovered a new gene (Ember) that may be responsible to the disease. Assuming that the sequence of Ember and its encoded protein is known and the Central Dogma of molecular biology is applied to Ember and its expression, describe an approach that Professor Oak may take to study how Ember contributes to Unlit Disease.

Thongthai T.
Answer:

Knowing what the central dogma is, the dysfunction of gene could happen at transcriptional, translational, or post-translational levels. Knowing this, below is the approach Professor Oak may take: Professor Oak could compare similarity in sequence of Ember genes in Chammander with Unlit Disease and healthy chammander. if the difference, mutation, is detected, professor could determine how this mutation affect transcription, translation, or post-translation of Ember. However, if the mutation was not detected, the problem in regulation of Ember could happen at translation or post-translational levels, and further study at each of these levels need to be compared between mutant and healthy Chammander. -Regardless of which level of regulation was looked at first, the answer would be correct if all levels of the Central dogma are studied.

Biochemistry
TutorMe
Question:

The tail flame of chamander is important for proper thermoregulation of the specie, which is why the dysfunctionality of flame ignition mechanism, or Unlit Disease, could reduce survival of chammanders. Recently, Professor Oak has discovered a new gene (Ember) that may be responsible to the disease. Assuming that the sequence of Ember and its encoded protein is known and the Central Dogma of molecular biology is applied to Ember and its expression, describe an approach that Professor Oak may take to study how Ember contributes to Unlit Disease.

Thongthai T.
Answer:

Knowing what the central dogma is, the dysfunction of gene could happen at transcriptional, translational, or post-translational levels. Knowing this, below is the approach Professor Oak may take: Professor Oak could compare similarity in sequence of Ember genes in Chammander with Unlit Disease and healthy chammander. if the difference, mutation, is detected, professor could determine how this mutation affect transcription, translation, or post-translation of Ember. However, if the mutation was not detected, the problem in regulation of Ember could happen at translation or post-translational levels, and further study at each of these levels need to be compared between mutant and healthy Chammander. -Regardless of which level of regulation was looked at first, the answer would be correct if all levels of the Central dogma are studied.

Biology
TutorMe
Question:

Mitochondria is a power house of the cell, which can be found in animal cells, however, chloroplast can also provide energy for the cell, thus, also a power house. While mitochondria can be found in both plant and animal cells, chloroplast can only be found in plant cells. Using the concept of evolution, explain why plant cells have both mitochondria and chloroplast when animal cells only have mitochondria.

Thongthai T.
Answer:

Evolution describes how organism species develop over generation to adapt and survive the environment and other factors that restrict its survival. Without going down the rabbit hole and stick to the question asked, using the concept of evolution, the answer is basically that plant required both chloroplast and mitochondria in order to survive, while animals do not need so. ( This is a trap question where a student could overthink and describe details not necessary to sufficiently answer the question, the goal is to strict to what is asked and answered exactly what is asked for)

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