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Zargham A.
College Student majoring in Economics at UC Berkeley with 2 years of teaching experience
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Writing
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Question:

Adiga’s The White Tiger, by using irony, circumlocution and foil, ends up undermining the author’s authority on Bangalore just as much to that of the “prime minister and his distinguished sidekicks”. How the author uses his chandelier as a sign of success, considers the American business books being sold in Bangalore outdated, contrasts his views on Bangalore to those of the politicians intending to receive Mr. Jiabao and the way in which he keeps alluding to Pinky Madam’s expression without explicitly mentioning it until the end, give this idea particular merit. The author elaborates on his view that the true image of Bangalore revolved around the success of the modern entrepreneur, rather than its falsified glorious past by spending a significant amount of time talking about his chandelier, which was “full of diamond-shaped glass pieces” and had the midget fan which would “fling its light across the room”. The author is not only trying to suggest that he is rich and perhaps even all-powerful, sitting in the comfort of his “150 square-foot office” with light dancing around his room from his grand chandelier, but he also tries to make a highly unsubstantiated suggestion that his stand alone triumph as an entrepreneur reflects the story of every person, or at least every businessman, in Bangalore. Moreover, it is ironic how the author is trying to establish authority over the subject at hand by giving an example of a strobe light styled chandelier, which would undoubtedly be out of place in any office setting, let alone in an office measuring a mere 150 square-foot. Adiga’s efforts at establishing authority on Bangalore as a whole are hence, at best, misguided. Likewise, the author suggests that American business books, like the false portrayal of India’s glorified past, are “so yesterday”. He warns Mr. Jiabao to not be deceived by what these books sell when he visits Bangalore. What he fails to realize is, that ironically enough, these outdated books, as he calls them, are being sold in the very city he claims to be populated with credible entrepreneurs. Furthermore, he goes on to suggest that he is the future and that his story of how he became one of the “most successful businessmen” in Bangalore represents everything there is to entrepreneurship in the twenty-first century of man. He makes sweeping statements by suggesting the white race, as a whole had wasted itself “through buggery, cell phone usage, and drug abuse. Furthermore, again, he makes an unsubstantiated claim that “this century is of the yellow and the brown man”, by using his success story as a representation of the general population. Adiga strongly disagrees with the views that the politicians wish to impose on Mr. Jiabao which, according to him, are incorrect. He vehemently opposes them while addressing Mr. Jiabao by stating that whenever they meet such people and “get out and do namastes before you in front of a TV camera and tell you how moral and saintly India is”, he remembers Pinky Madam’s English expression: “What a fucking joke.” The author with his use of circumlocution keeps referring to this expression without explicitly stating it until the end, by which point, the reader becomes almost certain of the bias that the writer holds, and ironically associates this expression with the narrative of the author himself. The author tries to contrast his views against those of the politicians. He is the under the illusion that his version of Bangalore holds any more credibility than the views he is critiquing. His own success story has made him significantly biased towards the issue at hand; the author fails to provide any example beyond him to justify his views. Thus, by saying that India’s glorified cultural past is an unrealistic portrayal of the present because of the lack of evidence; he indirectly makes his own position on the topic problematic. In a nutshell, by making broad generalizations and providing insufficient evidence, the author, while trying to argue against the outdated views of India, ends up contradicting himself, instead of undermining the very beliefs he sought to challenge.

Zargham A.
Answer:

Paragraph 1, Sentence 2: Run-on sentence; break up into two. Also, revise your list here; every verb that follows a comma threatens to confuse your reader by potentially indicating the resumption of the predicate—as opposed to another list element; to fix this, simply add, before each verb, a reiteration of the prepositional phrase “how he.” So, “how he considers... how he contrasts...” Paragraph 1, Ending, "this idea": Which idea? It is rather unclear. Are you referring to your thesis statement? Paragraph 3, "What he fails to realize is populated with credible entrepreneurs": Great point! However, almost everything else in this paragraph is summarization. Avoid summary as much as possible. Give only enough detail to contextualize your analysis, which is the most important part of the essay. The sentence that I’ve highlighted here is your analysis (everything else around it is summary). Push further on this analysis instead of summarizing; what else does he “fail to realize”? Final Paragraph: Great conclusion, although I think your emphasis on “evidence,” or the lack thereof, is a bit misplaced. Contradiction occurs here precisely because there is evidence in the text that things are contrary to what the narrator would have us believe. Focus on these textual examples. Overall Feedback: Your essay is very interesting and, at times, quite insightful. Although this paper establishes a clear thesis at the outset, its organizational problems, such as divergences and misleading topic sentences, prevent it from strategically deploying and sustaining its main argument. Giving your paper a title may have helped you clarify a single purpose and stick to it. There are some other issues of summarization, formatting, technique, and argumentation as well. For next time, | suggest you develop an outline through which to chart and plan the structure of your essay before you begin writing.

Microeconomics
TutorMe
Question:

You run a small restaurant selling tacos in Berkeley. The market wage for highly skilled taco artisan is $15/hour and the market price for taco is $5. The first artisan you can hire makes 5 tacos an hour. The second artisan makes 4 tacos an hour, the third makes 3 an hour, and the fourth makes 2 an hour. a) Calculate the marginal cost per unit of each artisan. b)Calculate the producer surplus associated with each artisan and determine how many artisans you will hire. c)Ca|culate your total producer surplus.

Zargham A.
Answer:

a) Marginal Cost per unit is the cost of producing one additional unit of output. Therefore: MC1 = $15/5 = $3 Mc2 = $15/4 = $3.75 MC3 = $15/3 = $5 MC4 = $15/2 = $7.5 b) A firm can benefit from participating in the market. We call this benefit the producer surplus (PS). For any given unit of output sold, producer surplus is the difference between the price of that good and the minimum price a firm would need to face in order to produce it. In other words, it is the difference between the market price and the marginal cost. Therefore: Ps1=$5-$3=$2 P52 = $5 - $3.75 = $1.25 PS3 = $5 — $5 = 0 PS4: $5- $7.5: -1.5 Therefore, the firm will hire 3 artisans as after this hiring further workers only decreases your surplus per worker. c)ln order to solve this, we need Total Revenue (TR) and Variable Cost (VC) PS = TR — vc = (P*Q) = ($5*(5+4+3)) — (15*3) = $60 — $45 = $15

Macroeconomics
TutorMe
Question:

Describe the adjustment to long-run equilibrium if an economy's short run equilibrium output is above potential output.

Zargham A.
Answer:

When output exceeds potential output, unemployment is below the natural rate of employment, and labor market tightness causes wage to rise more rapidly. As the Phillips Curve suggests, this causes firm to raise their prices more rapidly, and, thus increases the inflation rate. As a result, expected inflation will higher in the following time period, and the short-run aggregate supply curve will shift upward. This adjustment process in which inflation and expected inflation rise and the short-run aggregate supply curve shifts upward continues over time until the output falls to the potential output level, the output gap is lowered to zero,and the economy reaches long-run equilibrium.

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