Tutor profile: Autumn F.
Please translate this selection of text, keeping the spirit and meaning intact: Y'a plus de papier !! Cette phrase souvent criée depuis cette petite pièce solitaire tout au bout du couloir vous est familière à vous aussi ? Que feriez-vous s’il n’y avait plus de papier, plus du tout, nulle part ? Si même l’usine n’avait plus de quoi en fabriquer ? C’est la question que se pose cette famille lorsque cela leur arrive réellement et qu’elle constate les dégâts de la déforestation. Elle décide alors de partir à l’aventure à travers le monde afin de trouver des alternatives plus durables… (http://www.leseditionsdesbraques.com/livres/ya-plus-de-papier)
There’s no more paper!! Is this sentence, often shouted from that lonely little room at the very end of the hall, familiar to you too? What would you do if there were no more paper, none at all, anywhere? If even the factory didn’t have anything to make it with anymore? That’s the question that this family asks itself when it happens to them for real and they notice the damage caused by deforestation. So they decide to go on an adventure across the world in search of more sustainable alternatives...
Please write an introduction and outline for a research paper on the subject of a historical event or period, using a defined interpretive framework.
Introduction: Hannah Arendt’s theory on “the banality of evil” basically holds that a person who has no conscious intention of harming others may be induced to do so, even with minimal moral resistance, by the normalizing of that harm. Though this theory was originally conceived to explain the ability of bureaucratic subordinates to knowingly contribute to genocide without having planned or intended to do so, it can be applied to any systematic harm to a group by an organization or institution. For example, of the medical professionals who were responsible for carrying out the experimental neglect to treat Black men with syphilis in Tuskegee, Alabama from 1932 to 1972, many were able to reconcile the unethical protocol of the study with their personal standards. One nurse who helped to perpetrate the Tuskegee syphilis study, Eunice Rivers Laurie, shows in an interview the evasion of responsibility and emphasis on the normality of her actions that are expected of a person who has carried out Arendt’s “banal evil.” Outline: I. Introduction - connection of "the banality of evil" to the Tuskegee syphilis study Thesis: Eunice Rivers Laurie's normalization of the Tuskegee syphilis study's protocol and avoidance of responsibility for its results showcase Arendt's theory of the banality of evil. II. Normalizing a. Execution of "duty" b. Perceived happiness of subjects III. Semantics a. Redefinition of "treatment" - mercury b. Redefinition of "treatment" - penicillin c. Equivocation on responsibility IV. Conclusion - restate thesis, recap major points, general statement on applicability of "banality of evil" to other moral failures.
Which is the correct punctuation for the sentence? Why? As one reads, however; and even rather early on, one becomes aware that, together with this outspokenness, there is a great reticence in the novel. As one reads, however, and even rather early on. One becomes aware that, together with this outspokenness, there is a great reticence in the novel. As one reads, however, and even rather early on, one becomes aware that, together with this outspokenness, there is a great reticence in the novel. As one reads, however, and even rather early on, one becomes aware, that, together with this outspokenness, there is a great reticence in the novel.
C is the best answer. The sentence is complete (has a subject and a verb) and is not a run-on (doesn’t chain more than two independent clauses together). The commas, even though there are so many, are all appropriately placed, since they are marking off nonessential and nonessential phrases. A is not the best answer because a semicolon is being used inappropriately. Semicolons are used for joining two independent clauses with no conjunctions or for joining three or more items in a list, when at least one of the items in the list contains a comma. B is not the best answer because “As one reads, however, and even rather early on” is not a complete sentence. Even though there is a pronoun and a verb, they are part of an introductory phrase, and therefore don’t count toward completing the sentence. D is not the best answer because the comma before “that” is unnecessary and breaks up the sentence inappropriately. “That” is a linking word that is often used in place of a comma, and as such, is not accompanied by a comma unless another grammar rule for an adjacent part of the sentence demands it. For example, the comma after “that” is appropriate because it marks off the nonessential phrase “together with this outspokenness;” it has nothing to do with “that” at all. (sentence C from the translator’s introduction to Volokhonsky and Pevear’s The Brothers Karamazov).
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