Tutor profile: Elizabeth G.
Subject: European History
Explain the Divine Rights of Kings.
This is the idea that rulers receive their authority from God and are answerable only to God. Jacques-Benigne Bossuet, a French bishop and court preacher to Louis XIV, provided the theological justification for the divine right of kings by declaring that the state of monarchy is the supremest thing on early, for kings are not only God's lieutenants upon earth and sit upon God's throne, but eve by God himself are called gods. In the scriptures kings are called Gods and their power is compared to the divine powers.
What is the difference between scholarly and popular sources?
Popular sources are magazines or newspapers that are designed for the general public. They contain relatively short articles and do not use specialized language (jargon). These are publications you can find at the grocery store, Wal-Mart, or at book stores like Barnes and Nobles. They almost always have consumer advertisements in them (like Coke, Advil, or Pampers) and you will rarely see citations or bibliographies in these sources. In addition, these sources sometimes mix opinion with fact in a way that is hard to identify and they sometimes leave out important facts. Some examples are Newsweek, Time, ABC, The New York Times, Forbes, Reuters, The Wall Street Journal, The Verge, Smithsonian, and Scientific American. Scholarly sources—sometimes called academic sources—are published in academic journals or are books published by academic presses (University of Texas Press or the Harvard Press). The articles are peer-reviewed to ensure factual accuracy, which means at least three other experts in that topic have reviewed the assertions and found them to be factually correct. In a scholarly source, you will see many citations in the text and it includes a bibliography, which allows you to check those sources on the information presented. Depending on the discipline, the articles will have tables, mathematical or statistical formulas or appendices. Some examples are American Journal of Science, Journal of Marriage and Family, Paleobiology, Journal of Natural History, Ecology, and Journal of Educational Research.
What is a difference between males and females when communicating?
There are several differences between males and females when communicating. Males are often more likely to tell and give information, than ask questions, as a female would do. Women are often more relationship orientated and look for commonalities and ways to connect to others. Men often related on a one-up, one-down basis. When disagreements occur, it often affects all aspects of the relationship in the woman's life. Men often move on quickly from the disagreements with others. Nonverbal communication also plays a role in the differences among men and women. Women tend to rely heavily on facial expressions, including eye contact. Men tend to command and use more personal space, including wider poster and stand with their arms farther away from their bodies and legs apart than women. Men often prefer face-to-face communication. Women's gestures are typically fluid, while men often use sharp directed movements. This is just a snapshot of the communication differences among men and women. There are many more, but it is important to remember that there are differences.
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