What is the purpose of a literature review?
A literature review provides context for the thesis of a given paper. By reviewing the relevant literature to determine what has already been established in the field and where any gaps exist, the writer illustrates the value of their research within the field.
Who introduced the concept of "alienated labor?"
Karl Marx originated the concept of alienated labor. Expanding upon his theories about Capitalism, Marx asserted that Capitalism alienated workers from their labor because they were no longer involved in the process from start to finish, meaning they were unable to see the product of their labor. Unlike a craftsman who was creatively invested in their work and saw both its evolution and outcome, factory laborers were disconnected from the product they were making, involved in only a small part of the process.
How is Judeo-Christian tradition related to the development of Western Theatre practice?
Both Judaism and Christianity prohibit the worship of false idols. When monotheistic religions gained power and prevalence in the West, the church outlawed theatre practice because it posed a threat to the church's authority. For this reason, there is a huge gap in Western written theatre tradition after Greek and Roman theatre. With the fall of the Roman Empire and the introduction of Catholicism, theatre was no longer a part of the culture that was officially endorsed by the state. However, as the Protestant Reformation and new sects of Christianity encouraged institutions such as the Catholic church began to recruit new members, theatrics became a crucial part of religious services. Idols, such as statues of Jesus on the cross, and ornate and beautiful churches, were implemented as a means to encourage ordinary citizens to attend masses. In this way, Christian authorities adapted and began officially incorporating theatre practice.