At what age should my child be able to read?
Short answer: a child should be able to read when he is ready. Age can vary, depending on the individual's physical development, mental development, personal motivation, and readiness to read. A child can be taught the alphabet, the letter sounds, and the concept of reading but if his brain is not ready to process all of this and/or if he is not motivated to read, he will not be able to read on his own and comprehend what he is reading. He might be able to accomplish rote memorization of reading certain words, but there will not be an understanding of how to read. As soon as everything 'clicks' or if he is highly motivated to learn to read, reading will come naturally and quickly. The age at which these happen can vary.
What are the four basic components of learning a language?
In order to learn a language, one needs to be able to listen, speak, read, and write the language. The first step is usually learning to listen to and understand the language. Next comes speaking the language correctly. This is typically followed by reading and writing the language. Once all four components are mastered, the language is mastered.
As a teacher, how can I juggle all the topics/subjects I need to teach? I don't have enough time to do everything required of me!
Time Management is a major key to teaching. One strategy for managing teaching time is to list all the topics needed to be covered in one week or one class. Next, order these according to importance and assign each a time limit. Think through what needs to be taught and try to assign a realistic amount of time. Practice teaching with this technique, trying to remember your timings and transition from one thing to the next smoothly and quickly.