Tutor profile: Andrew Luc L.
Directions: Read the question below. You have 30 minutes to plan, write, and revise your essay. Typically an effective response will contain a minimum of 300 words. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The extended family (grandparents, cousins, aunts, and uncles) is less important now than it was in the past. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
I agree that the extended family is less important now than it was in the past. I think that this is true in terms of childcare, family economics, and leisure. Firstly, past generations had the benefit of close proximity to extended family members. Several generations of family members lived in the same village, and as a child growing up, it was perfectly normal to have 20 or more cousins that you would see regularly. When the parents were occupied with adult concerns, or simply wanted some privacy, they would send the children over to their cousins’ house to play. Such situations were so common that many times they would not even feel the need to ask permission: children came and went as a matter of course. Now, however, family members are more dispersed and populations are more urbanized, leading parents to rely more often on professional childcare workers. As a result, the extended family has become less important in the role of childcare. Additionally, there is an economic component to the lessening importance of extended family. In the past, when a greater share of the population worked in farming it was common for extended family members to work together. Sometimes this took the form of a shared, family farm, and other times family members would take turns helping each other with labour-intensive projects. Either way, they were directly involved in each others’ economic production. Now that labour is more specialized and further removed from the land, this type of arrangement is less common. For example, my father is an accountant and his brother is a doctor. It is difficult to imagine my father picking up a stethoscope and syringe to help my uncle during flu season or, conversely, my uncle balancing the books at tax time. Clearly, the extended family is less important in family economics than it once was. Lastly, we will consider leisure. In my family, it was normal growing up to have Sunday dinner together with my parents and sister. However, when my parents were kids, they would have big Sunday dinners with the whole extended family at least once a month. Everyone shared in the work as well as the enjoyment. Often, after dinner, someone would bring out a guitar or harmonica and the family would sing together. Other times there were board games or stories told around the fire. All of these activities worked to create a bond. These days, we maintain an affection for our extended family members, but we simply lack the regular contact so important to building close relationships. Considering the example of my family, it is clear that the extended family is not as important as it once was. Nonetheless, it is important to note that every family is different: certainly, there also exist families where the extended family is more important now than in the past. As a whole, the societal trend would seem to be one of diminishing importance, but at the end of the day, every family is a world unto itself.
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Describe the activated sludge process. What steps precede and follow this process in a typical wastewater treatment plant?
The activated sludge process involves two reactors: an aeration tank for the removal of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and a settling tank for the separation of the sludge from the bulk liquid. Part of the settled sludge is recycled into the aeration tank as a biological catalyst for the oxidation process. The activated sludge process is preceeded by screening and primary clarification, and followed by nutrient removal and disinfection.
Subject: English as a Second Language
What is your favourite hobby or pastime? What do you like about it?
My favourite hobby is music: I play the guitar and sing. I like that it fills me with joy and helps me to connect with other people.
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