Tutor profile: Kailey S.
Who are two feminist authors in the literary movement of modernismo and what makes them feminist?
Alfonsina Storni was an Argentinian poet who criticized the idea that it is man's right to have possession of a woman, el machismo, and the unrealistic standards of behavior set for women in 20th century society. Delmira Agustini similarly comments on the unequal distribution of power in romantic relationships and society's expectations of a woman's sexuality.
My essay feels really repetitive, how can I fix this?
My first suggestion is to critically reread your essay and decide if each idea is novel and/or necessary. If an idea seems overly vague or unimportant, omit it. If an idea is interesting but repeated throughout, find more specific ways to say what you are trying to say. Delve deeper into the statement and think more analytically to draw out nuanced and developed ideas within the idea. Finally, a good trick is to take note of the repetition of specific words and search for those words in a thesaurus to add variety to the vocabulary and avoid redundancy.
How many editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) exist and what were the major revisions and consistencies in each edition?
There are six editions of the DSM: DSM: -system of classification of mental illnesses -psychodynamic/psychoanalytic theory based -disorders defined in vague prose -based on expert consensus (not empirical research) -3 broad groups of mental illnesses: neuroses, psychoses, and character disorders -essentialist, meaning disorders were assumed to be inherent and biologically based DSM-II: -still psyhcodynamic/psychoanalytic model -still based on expert consensus -still defined in vague prose -adopted biological theoretical stance (attempt to describe illnesses as actual entities) -generally very similar to original DSM DSM-III -abandoned theory (atheoretical), shift from psychoanalytic to medical model of mental illness -attempt at a strictly scientific classification system as opposed to one based on expert consensus -included research groups and reliability field trials (though in reality it was still largely based on expert consensus) -specific diagnostic criteria added -multiaxial system was introduced--5 characteristics with which to describe a patient's illness DSM-III R -4 of 5 axes refashioned -more than 200 disorders refashioned and changed -6 disorders dropped, 33 added DSM-IV -no major changes, mostly refinement of existing conditions -desire for empirical evidence to add/delete disorders -fashioned with a more pragmatic concern for clinical utility DSM-5 -considers comorbidity or the overlap/boundaries between disorders -shift from categorical to dimensional system of classification; less of a "you have it or you don't" philosophy, more of an assessment of the severity of symptoms/disorders -removed multiaxial system -greater patient/public inclusion in development of diagnostic criteria
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