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Tutor profile: Vanessa W.

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Vanessa W.
English, History, and Civics Tutor
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Questions

Subject: US Government and Politics

TutorMe
Question:

What is horse race journalism and how can it affect the election process?

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Vanessa W.
Answer:

Horse race journalism is coverage of a political election that focuses not on the policy and opinions of the candidates who are running for office, but rather how the candidates are already polling and what the public thinks of them. This kind of journalism prioritizes spectacle and can often lead to exaggerated differences between those running. Reporting in this instance can result in higher media coverage for candidates who are entertaining, rather than those are vocal about comprehensive policy plans. In this way, horse race journalism can lead to a public that is less informed on the politics of the candidates who they are choosing between.

Subject: US History

TutorMe
Question:

What is one reason that the Articles of Confederation (1781) failed and how was this issue addressed when the United States Constitution was approved in 1789?

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Vanessa W.
Answer:

One of the main issues with the Articles of Confederation was that the federal government was weak under this document and the states operated more autonomously, without a strong central government to effectively unite them. In the Constitution, the federal legislature is given enumerated powers as well as implied powers under the Necessary and Proper Clause and the General Welfare clause. Congress could levy taxes, regulate interstate trade, and create laws that individual states had to follow. Additionally, the Supreme Court was created--the highest appellate court in the country--, and a head executor was position was invented--that of the president.

Subject: English

TutorMe
Question:

In language arts, what is the difference between the literary devices of metonymy and synecdoche?

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Vanessa W.
Answer:

Metonymy and synecdoche are two figures of speech that use substitution to represent the item, concept, or person at hand. Metonymy substitutes the thing being referred to with an adjacent idea, something related to but not a part of the subject. For instance, using "The White House" to speak about the president or the president's administration is a popular form of metonymy. Synecdoche uses a different form of substitution; the part, in this case, represents the whole. Instead of using an adjacent noun, synecdoche is the taking apart of the original idea and using one of those parts to stand in for this entire idea. It can also be used vice vera, for a larger idea to represent something smaller within its terms. An example of synecdoche is when people use the term "wheels" to refers to their cars, as wheels are a part of a car that makes up the whole vehicle.

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