Tutor profile: Amy P.
Subject: Library and Information Science
How does traditional subject headings contribute to the marginalization of under represented populations in the library?
Subject headings have been constructed over the past 100 years. The headings are frequently come from a place of male white privilege. This privilege has lead to two issues in the creation of subject headings. The first is the it privileges western hierarchical thinking. Subject headings begin with broad topics and then branch down to more specific areas. This hierarchical structure does not allow for cultural differences in thinking. It excludes non-linear ways of describing the world frequently seen in non-western cultures. In addition to the user of structure, subject headings also display priverliage. An example of this from the past was that there were subject headings for mentally ill women or children but not men. Another example of this was the previous use of the subject heading of illegal aliens. Both examples demonstrates the way that subject headings can be used to express a privileged position. This privileged position works to marginalize under represented populations. It limits how these populations see themselves reflected in the very foundation of the library - the catalog.
Subject: World History
If the Spanish discovery of Central and South America had not taken place or had taken place a hundred years later, what might have been different in the America's
The Spanish arrived in the Americas just as two strong and powerful civilizations were emerging: the Incas and the Aztecs. The Inca civilization was founded in 1438 and the Aztec civilization was founded approximately 1300. Both civilizations, focused on assimilating ethnic groups within the regions of influence. As they assimilated the different ethnic groups, their power grew both economic and military. This rising power would have extended both civilizations into the Central America. Despite strong trading networks between the two, it is likely the push into Central America would have brought the Inca and the Aztecs into military conflict. This conflict would have ended with one of the two civilizations becoming the dominate power in Central and South America. The winning civilization could have become the first super power in America. If the Spanish arrived later there might have been a chance that they would have been defeated by this American superpower.
Subject: European History
What are the similarities between the late middle ages and the Victorian age?
Both ages saw rapid changes in the areas of society. After the bubonic plague , there was rapid shift in society due to the high loss of life. People were able become more mobile and move to where there was stronger economic opportunity. Many people moved to towns and cities. As people moved to this area, trade expanded. Technology innovation created the opportunities for people to move into a workshop setting for the foundations of mass production. These opportunities allowed individuals to increase their income and in turn increase their standard of living. This increase in standards of living lead to a nascent middle class to emerge. The Victorian age saw rapid industrialization. This industrialization caused people to move from rural settings to the cities for economic opportunities. For the Victorians, this rapid expansion of increased incomes and expanded the middle class. More people were able to live in towns and cities and enjoy a higher standard of living. In both the Middle Ages and the Victorian Age, increased mobility of the populations saw shifts of people to metropolitan areas with greater economic opportunities. This greater economic opportunity gave rise to the growth in the middle class.
needs and Amy will reply soon.