Tutor profile: Margaret R.
How I pronounce "gli"?
This is a sound that we do not have in English. It sounds funny but the best way I can explain it is the start the sound by putting the tip of your tongue on your hard palette (the roof of your mouth) and say a long llll as you move it along your hard palette towards your top front teeth!
How can I remember the gender of each noun in German?
FIrst of all, when you write down a new noun in your vocabulary notebook, you MUST write down the article that goes with it (der/die/das). Secondly, do not confuse the gender of the word with what it is - "gender" is just a lingustic term for the different groups of nouns and has nothing to do with whether or not the object is male or female. Instead of masculine, feminine and neuter nouns, they could very easily be called red, yellow and blue words, it's just that the people who developed the way we learn a second language decided to refer to them as genders. Having said all of this, coming up with your own colour-coded system for storing and remembering your vocabulary is always a good idea!
What is the difference between the perfect tense and the imperfect tense?
In French, the perfect tense is used to discuss a completed action in the past. A good way to remember that is to think that if something is perfect then it is finished and cannot be improved. The perfect tense in French has two words - the present tense of être or avoir (called the auxiliary or helper verb) followed by what is called the past participle. The imperfect tense is used in French for description in the past and to talk about repeated, continuous actions in the past and has its own conjugation pattern which we will look at in a minute. An example in English to tell the difference: "On Tuesday I went swimming". This was a one-off event that happened in the recent past therefore you would use the PERFECT tense. However, if you wanted to say "I used to go swimming every Tuesday", you would use the IMPERFECT tense because it happened more than once and as a regular pattern.
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