As you increase the shell number in which an electron resides, what change occurs in the interaction between the nucleus and the electron?
The pull between them weaken due to shielding by other electrons within inner shells as well as distance dissipation.
What is one sure-fire way of determining a human offspring's maternal parent? (consider DNA and were DNA comes from)
The DNA within the Mitochondria! Mitochondrial DNA only gets pasted down through material lineage and therefore can be used as an indicator for genetic matching.
We know that integration is a function for determining the area under the curve, and further an area within space, so how can we apply this to an electron if we wanted to know information about the charge it holds?
We would be able to take the integral of the charge density over the radius of the electron in order to determine the total charge of the electron.