Tutor profile: Bree C.
Subject: Music Theory
When is it appropriate to use a plagal cadence?
A plagal cadence (a cadential movement from the Subdominant IV to the Tonic I) is most often used as an additional ornamentation to the ending of a traditional Christian hymn and is used only after a perfect cadence has been performed.
Where can I listen to an excerpt of the the earliest recorded piece of music?
Great question! Because early recordings were difficult to capture and even more difficult to copy, all of the earliest recordings that are available online are digital recordings of the original sound recordings played with their compatible devices (such as as the Thomas Edison cylinder phonograph). I would start with https://www.classicfm.com/discover-music/latest/oldest-recordings/ and check out the 1888 recording of Arthur Sullivan's song, "The Last Chord." According to the Classic FM website, Mr. Sullivan said this of early recording technology, "I can only say that I am astonished and somewhat terrified at the result of this evening's experiments: astonished at the wonderful power you have developed, and terrified at the thought that so much hideous and bad music may be put on record forever." Burns, F. (2016, January 4). Sounds of the 1860s: listen to the earliest recordings known. Retrieved from https://www.classicfm.com/discover-music/latest/oldest-recordings/.
Subject: Culinary Arts
When you're baking a cake, how can I prevent the cake from sticking when it's time to take it out of the pan?
You know what? There's a couple of different ways you can do this. I'm assuming that when you say cake, you're referring to a traditional sponge cake and not a cheesecake, because there's a different technique for that as well. (Please let me know if you need the cheesecake method.) Prior to pouring the cake batter into the pan, I would recommend taking a basting brush and melted butter to the bottom and the sides of the cake pan. Some people then choose to lightly dust the pan with all-purpose flour; however, I personally prefer to line the bottom pan with parchment paper. Once baked, it's best if you let the cake cool to room temperature before you attempt to take the cake out of the pan. Once cooled, take a butter knife or a flat metal spatula and gently run the blade around the edges of the pan. Then, placing a flat cookie sheet on top of the cake, you can use one hand under the cake and one hand on top of the cookie sheet to flip the cake over. The cake should easily pop out in one, whole piece. Best of luck on your cake experience!
needs and Bree will reply soon.