What is game theory, and how does it explains state behavior?
Game theory attempts to examine state behavior as an expression of strategic state action. Very simply, states across the globe are playing a 'game' with each other in order to best secure their own state's interests. Game theory posits that states will make decisions based on potential outcomes, thus acting much alike players in a game.
Why did the United States of America engage in the Civil War?
During the time preceding the Civil War, sectionalism began to develop between the Northern and Southern States. As the two regions developed culturally, ideologically, and economically, they began to fundamentally disagree as to the best way for each other's interests to be secured. At the forefront of the debate was whether or not slavery should continue--a question to which the labor-intense economy of the South could not afford to answer no.
What is a literary method that authors use to put forth future plot developments?
Authors use foreshadowing to add richness to their texts. Foreshadowing allows authors to subtly interject potential plot developments in such a way so as to develop the story slowly.