Name at least 3 method of synthesizing a carboxylic acid.
1) oxidation of a primary alcohol with reagents Na2Cr2O7 / H2SO4 2) oxidative cleavage of alkenes with KMnO4 + heat 3) oxidation of alkyl benzeneswith Na2Cr2O7 / H2SO4 + heat or KMnO4 + heat 4) grignard reaction with new CO2
What factors affect the rate of a reaction?
Rate of reaction refers to kinetics. Factors that affect the rate of reaction include temperature, presence of a catalyst, the concentration of reactants, and the nature of the reactants.
What does the pH of a solution mean?
The pH of a given solution refers to the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a solution. pH range is from 0-14. The lower the pH the more acidic and the higher the pH the more basic. Mathematically, pH = -log of concentration of H+ ions in moles per L or pH = -log[H+].