Tutor profile: Rachel M.
Choose a nursing theory or concept, and/or nursing theorist and explain how this theory directly relates to the profession of nursing. In addition, explore how this theory can improve patient care and patient outcomes.
Patricia Benner created a conceptual nursing theory called, "From Novice to Expert." This concept focuses on the nurse's ability to acquire knowledge and skills without committing to one specific theory. Benner's concept explores the nurse's journey through acquiring knowledge throughout his or her career, explaining that nursing is the extension of knowledge through research and knowledge is gained through clinical opportunities and experiences. The journey is marked by five stages, including novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, and expert. Instead of only applying book knowledge to clinical situations and experiences, nurses take academic learning and couple that learning with experiential real-life learning, modifying plans of care for patients as necessary. This concept allows nurses to draw on previous experiences in nursing to create more positive patient experiences, promote optimal patient outcomes, and allow for the nurse to promote the holistic care of the patient.
Explain the importance of APA writing and how this writing structure relates to research and academics.
Writing in APA format allows the author to construct and establish consistency in his or her writing, maintaining a narrowed focus on the topic at the center of the writing. APA formatting allows the author to concisely organize ideas and deliver consistently structured arguments that achieve the purpose of the writing. The ability to write in APA formatting establishes credibility for the writer, pursuing a standard of writing that has been deemed superior in its relation to research and academia.
List and describe the five educational learning theories.
1) Behaviorism: Employing positive and negative reinforcement. Specific consequences are related to outcomes of behavior and performance. 2) Constructivism: Learning evolved for the specific learning needs of the individual. Learning occurs due to changes in thinking. 3) Cognitivism: The process of understanding, including four stages of cognitive development. These stages include sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operations. 4) Humanism: Concerns the concept of self-actualization, recognizing that the individual has a hierarchy of needs and also influences the hierarchy of others' needs. 5) Connectivism: Understanding that learning and growth occur by forming connections.
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