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Tutor profile: Karan P.

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Karan P.
Skilled and Passionate tutor with experience of interacting with multicultural individuals.
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Questions

Subject: Writing

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Question:

Darkness full of light By Tony Dietz is a story that revolves around the theme of loneliness. Explore how the theme of loneliness is communicated to the readers.

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Karan P.
Answer:

Darkness Full of light written by Tony Dietz is based two thousand meters below the sea in a zone called the Midnight zone where the only source of light is the light from the headlights of the Mata Deep Sea Sphere: a mining base built a hundred years ago on the floor of the Pacific Ocean, where our Jozette (our protagonist) resides with her family. The entire story is intentionally being told in the first-person voice of Jozette which enables Dietz to give the readers a first-hand experience of Jozette's journey below the Midnight zone and then to the surface. By employing setting, diction, character traits and various other devices Dietz can help the readers understand the theme and the concept of loneliness and being alone which is not one of the major/prominent themes but is an omnipresent element throughout the story. Firstly, Tony Dietz, through Jozette, describes the setting which is 2000 meters below and is dark. The fact that the sphere is so isolated underwater and has no connection to the humans on the surface helps us visualize and understand the loneliness of humans staying in the sphere. Jozette is the only Narrative voice in the story which plays an important in conveying this theme. Throughout her journey, Jozette always uses "we" when referring to the people in the sphere which in a way separates the readers from the midnight zone civilians. Moreover, we can also see that Jozette intentionally separating herself from her siblings and the only thing she connects to is her mom who later is found dead and Jozette is left alone again. We also see that Jozette had no other companion on the sphere which is why she in a way was forced and blinded by her thoughts which made her decide on going as far as possible without anyone's help. However, it won't be wrong to say that it was her loneliness that pushed her into discovering things that no one had ever done. The choice of diction also plays an important part in conveying a theme. Jonzettes siblings call her "Squid" which in context is the bioluminescent squid that travels alone. Diets also use words like "deep", "dark" and "sinking" throughout which triggers a visual stimulus of the isolated scenes and helps portray the theme of loneliness. It's quite fascinating to see how Dietz builds Jonzette's character, she constantly has an inner voice that is constantly questioning others' actions and is giving reasoning for everyone's actions. "Squids are graceful and beautiful and fast and terrible", "They're jealous of you", "because I'm his favorite" are some examples of what Jozettes inner voice tells her, this talking to herself gives the readers a feeling that Jozette is talking to her in this manner to make herself feel good and that she is missing a friend in her life. By making her inner voice her best friend, Jonzette can be interpreted as a person who exemplifies her loneliness. Stubbornness is also a major character trait of Jozette and it is also true that it is also a sign of loneliness "You can all go to hell", "I'd rather die" are things that Jozette says to others and separates herself which gives us a hint that she chooses to be alone. Further, the more you read the story; we understand the concept of loneliness in depth where we realize that Dietz is also trying to portray both the positive and the negative side of being by yourself. Personally, I feel that Dietz focuses on the journey and the process that you go through when you are yourself which makes you a stronger person. As mentioned before, Jozette was the only one successful in going deeper than any human had gone and the only one to reach the surface too, others who tried became a part of "A vertical rock face". The only driving force for her was that there is no one in the sphere that she feels home with which gave her the strength to achieve the impossible. Similarly, her being compared to the bioluminescent squid which travels alone but wherever it goes it shines like "a bright star, streaking across the sky" self-sufficient and in harmony with the others. This conveys a message to the audience that we don't need people's acceptance to fit in, as long as we are happy with our own company which allows us to forget our illusion of false assumptions and accept ourselves and others the way they are. Jozette goes through the same realization when she is floating in the ocean where her inner voice kicks in and says "I feel like I am in a great big room, and even though I am full of myself, I am not enough to fill it. I think I want to change who I am. It is due to this journey of realization Jozette learns that her "Darkness is full of Light" and decides to go back underwater where her home and family are. Lastly, it also made me wonder that similar to Jozette, the civilians of the sphere believe that "the surface-dwellers didn't listen to their cries when their home sunk below the waves, so why should they listen to their suffering." This also might be an assumption that caused the civilian of the sphere to feel lonely and left out which might have influenced their decision to stay alone underwater. To conclude, I would like to say that Tony Dietz has done an amazing job in portraying the theme of loneliness which not only helps us understand the character of Jozette but also teaches us life lessons and helps us understand the term a loneliness and how it sometimes can be an illusion of mind leading to the wrong choice.

Subject: Film and Theater

TutorMe
Question:

By referring to specific scenes of the film, describe how the characters interact with the city in Chungking Express.

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Karan P.
Answer:

Chungking Express, directed by Wong Kar-wai is a film which portrays two different stories of two different cops, Cop 223 and Cop 663, and of two different women. Both the stories are completely different however, one thing that connects these stories is the city of Hong Kong. There are four main characters in the film in the two plot lines and we see them interacting with the city in their own unique way. In the first plot line the blond woman’s character has a very unique way of interacting with the city. She is involved into a drug scandal but and interacts with the with a very bold and bossy approach as most of the time in scenes like the shady alleyway and the chase after she has killed the boss she is amongst people who untrustworthy people and always is attentive whereas in the scenes where she is in the bar and at the street she seems to be hiding and at the same time rushing. The woman’s clothes say a lot about her. She is definitely a night bird and is always roaming out in the nights, she is also wearing shades at all times and a coat which portrays her desire of not being seen. On the other hand, Both the cops, especially cop 663 acts in a completely different way than the woman. Majority of the time we see cop 663 stationary, calm and in his blue uniform. We never see cop 663 in a chase or fight. Most of the time he is out during the day and the only time he interacts with anyone is while he is ordering or eating food rest. Unlike the woman in the wig, the cop is not alone and lonely by choice, he is heartbroken and minds his own business (seen when the cop is having lunch and the woman who works there tries to flirt with him). Lastly, in this film we also see the characters are spending time alone. The characters in the plotline one talk to themselves when they are alone whereas Faye in plotline two uses music to show isolation and the cop talks out loud with his clothes. These traits show loneliness and gives Hong Kong a characteristic where there are a lot of people but still, they feel lonely.

Subject: Art History

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Question:

What are the Gates of Paradise?

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Karan P.
Answer:

Designed by a sculptor, Lorenzo Ghiberti, and commissioned by the wealthiest wool merchant family knows as the Medici,"Gates of Paradise" is a pair of bronze doors currently present in Florence, Italy in the Museo dell’Opera del Duomo. The east doors were designed for the north entrance, however upon completion were installed in the east entrance of the baptistery of San Giovanni which is one of the most religious buildings in Florence. These doors were the final set of bronze doors to be cast for the baptistery and due to its beauty, the doors were placed on the east side, facing the cathedral. The door consists of 10 rectangular relief panels of scenes from the old testament. Gates to paradise, a name given by Michelangelo, are about 4 meters tall and 3 meters wide which soon became an icon of Renaissance. When we first look at it we can get fascinated by the size and the fact that they are Bronze we can imagine how they would have looked when the sun hit the surface and the doors shined as if they were actually a gateway to heaven. Unlike the quatrefoils of the north door of the Baptistery, that look flat and more gothic in nature, Ghiberti has created depth in each rectangular panels of the east doors, the figures in the front almost look like sculptures and the figures in the background look like drawings. These gilded panels are isolated decorative border framing which kind of comes across of 10 windows of the scenes of the old testament that you can look into and get insight of the stories portrayed which teach us several life lessons. The gilded panels also portray Ghiberti’s ability as an artist as he combines several scenes in one panel and the way he is able to employ bot classical architecture and renaissance realism in the building and the figures portrayed. In the ancient history of Rome, entrances and doors have great importance which is seen on other architectural pieces like the Pantheon itself. The Gates of Paradise connects predominantly to its major function as the principal ritual entrance for the Baptistery which in a way emphasized the “significance of the sacrament of baptism.” It was said that in order to enter the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, one must be baptized. Hence it was decided to build the baptistery in front of the church and the door act as a portal to holiness.

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