Tutor profile: Stephanie T.
Subject: World History
How did Enlightenment philosophers play a role in the creation of the U.S. government?
Enlightenment philosophers heavily influenced the U.S. Constitution. Baron de Montesquieu believed that power should not be concentrated in the hands of one person or one group. Rather, he believed that the creation of a government with multiple branches would better serve the people. Thus, the U.S. implemented Montesquieu's idea by creating three branches of government and instituting the system of checks and balances. Another Enlightenment philosopher whose influence can be see in the U.S. Constitution, is Cesare Bonesana Beccaria. Becarria believed that a government should seek the greatest good for the greatest number of people. He also felt that laws should exist to preserve order, not to avenge crimes. Ideas from Becarria that are familiar to all U.S. citizens are the right to a speedy trial and freedom from cruel and unusual torture, to name a few.
Subject: US History
What are some examples of America turning inward during the post-WWI era? Why this sudden shift in policy?
People living in postwar America were riding on a high. They embraced the 1920s and dove headfirst into the new decade. It was a decade of mass consumption, cultural liberation, Hollywood films, and flowing alcohol (illegally, of course); however, it was also a decade of anti-immigrant feelings among Americans. Americans began to turn inward in the postwar era mainly due to the fear of communism. This "Red Scare" as it was called, led to the persecution AND prosecution of many immigrants within U.S. borders. The recent Bolshevik Revolution in Russia caused panic and fear among many Americans; the thought was that communists could infiltrate and overthrow the U.S. government seemed to be a credible threat. During the Red Scare, many suspected communists' homes and businesses were raided in an attempt to root out potential threats. Legislation was passed by Congress to try to stem the flood of immigration, namely from southern and eastern Europe. The Emergency Quota Act of 1921 and the Immigration Act of 1924 created a quota system for the number of immigrants that could enter the U.S. Another example of this turn inward, was the resurgence of the KKK. The group was able to capitalize on the the anti-immigrant sentiment in the U.S.
Given the limited time, what is the best way to approach the reading passages on the ACT?
The best approach to the reading portion of the ACT would be to select three out of the four passages that interest you. Do this by reading the first sentence of each passage. Once you have chosen your three passages, you can devote the time needed to thoroughly reading the passages and answering the questions. After completing the three selected passages, skim through the remaining passage and answer the remaining questions.
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