Tutor profile: Sal M.
Subject: Organic Chemistry
What is the difference between cis and trans isomers?
Cis isomers have the two largest groups on the molecule in the same axis causing a dipole interactive forces depending on the character of the atom. Trans isomers have the two largest atoms of the molecule on the opposite sides of the axis.
According to the Boyle's gas law, what happened when pressure is increased?
When pressure is increased volume is also increased as this is figured out from the gas equation (P1V1=P2V2)
How are antibiotic resistant genes transferred from one bacteria to another?
The most physical form of gene transfer with bacteria is through conjunction as genes are transferred from the pillus. Transformation is another method of gene transfer as bacteria engulf the gene characteristic within the environment. Finally, transduction is a method how antibiotic resistant genes are transferred as well, and this occurs via bacteriophages. Bacteriophages behave like viruses as they inject a phage into a bacteria to withdrawl genes and then inject to another neighboring bacteria.
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