Tutor profile: Rachel D.
How can you strengthen the organization of paragraphs in an essay?
Depending on where and how your paragraphs are having problems, you can look at a few different places in your topic sentences to check for how the rest of the sentences flow together. One way is to look at your paragraph's topic sentence and see if the other sentences relate to its purpose. Often, a paragraph's purpose is one of the following: to explain, summarize, or give details about a subject. You may find that if you are both explaining the meaning of and summarizing the process of cheesemaking in the same paragraph, for example, the paragraph will be too long, vague, and disorganized. Another way to strengthen a paragraph is to find the controlling idea of your topic sentence. The controlling idea limits how broad your discussion of the topic is and focuses your argument within the essay's paragraphs. So, rather than having a paragraph about cheesemaking and then not knowing what to talk about first, you might discuss how the process of cheesemaking in Britain is different from cheesemaking in the United States. The controlling idea in this case would be "location." Finally, if your thesis is not clear, your paragraphs will not be clear. If your paper feel confusing or disorganized, it will help to decide what you want to write your paper about and then write a clear, well organized thesis statement. Then, you can write your paragraphs from the mini-outline you made through the thesis statement much more easily with greater clarity for your readers.
Subject: English as a Second Language
What are the two types of phrasal verbs and how are they used?
Phrasal verbs are verbs that use two or more words to describe one action, for example to "put off." The two words together form a new meaning when you combine them, so when we combine the simple words "put" and "off," the meaning becomes "to postpone." The first type of phrasal verb is "verb + adverb" and the second is "verb + preposition." They may be transitive (take a direct object) or intransitive (cannot take a direct object). Example of "verb + preposition": We will put off the meeting until Tuesday. Example of "verb + adverb": We will put together a plan to help our friend. "Put together" means "to prepare or organize" If the direct object is a pronoun, you must separate the phrasal verb and put the pronoun in the middle of the two parts. Example: We will have to put it off. (NOT: We will have to put off it.)
Subject: AP Art History
Explain the differences and connection between conceptual and perceptual images.
Conceptual images are created in order to represent an idea in the mind of the artist, often as a stylized symbol to portray an abstract concept. Perceptual images, on the other hand, are made to portray what the artist sees when studying an object, person, or environment, with at least some degree of realism and/or attention to the subjects' sensory details. However, one cannot truly separate the conceptual or perceptual when studying the image in context. Someone who paints what seem to be pure symbols must begin from an abstraction of the reality they perceive around them. The maker of perceptual drawings focuses on their sensory impressions but cannot escape the powerful influence of culture on what they consider worthy of inclusion. Whether focusing on realism or leaning towards abstraction, what the artist decides to include and how they communicate the subject through the rendering process of line, color, shape, and form is informed by their cultural background.
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