What are three major differences between APA and MLA format?
MLA format includes a works cited page at the end of the document, while APA format includes a references page. When doing in-text citations, MLA uses a last name, first name format, whereas APA requires last name, first initial. Lastly, MLA is primarily used in the Humanities (e.g. English), while APA is typically reserved for the Social Sciences (e.g. Psychology).
Explain the difference between a negative reinforcer and positive punishment.
Reinforcement always increases a certain behavior. Punishment decreases a behavior. Negative reinforcers are those which take away an aversive event in order to encourage performance. Positive punishment adds an aversive event to discourage a particular activity.
What are the six syllable types?
The six syllable types are open syllables, closed syllables, vowel-consonant-e syllables, vowel-r syllables, vowel pair/vowel team syllables, and final stable syllables.