Tutor profile: Kelly W.
Subject: Library and Information Science
The Reference Interview is arguably one of the most important skills a librarian, especially a reference librarian, can acquire. Please explain the steps involved in the reference interview.
The reference interview has five primary steps, though the explanation of these steps may vary depending on the source. Generally speaking, the first step is to open the interview. The key to this is to be approachable and welcoming. Step two is to negotiate the question. Perhaps, repeat it back to them to ensure that you are both understanding the question. A prime example is someone asking about youth in Asia. You want to make sure that you and the patron are both talking about the youth who live in Asia instead of euthanasia which is the killing of a terminally ill or suffering from a painful and incurable disease. Step three is to develop a strategy for finding the information. This could start with searching the online catalog for books or searching electronic databases. Step four is to locate the information the student needs. It's important to provide them with several sources so that they may have options on what they want to use. Finally, step five contains two parts: ensuring the question was answered and closing the interview. You want to make sure that the patron has been helped. This could making sure they can navigate the library's resources, or it could potentially mean going into the library's book stacks and helping them to find some books. In closing the interview, it is important to offer contact information for the library, or yourself if you are so inclined, should the patron need further assistance. One thing you should not do is brush off a patron. It is vital that you not only help them answer their question, but to also provide them with necessary tools so that they can perform the same research on their own time. I, personally, prefer to look at every reference interview as a learning opportunity - a chance to teach a patron how to access the library's resources.
There are numerous landmark cases which have helped to shape the legal system in the United States. Please provide the full case name of two and briefly explain their significance.
Two landmark cases which have shaped the US legal system are Brown v. Board of Education and Gideon v. Wainwright. In Brown v. Board of Education, it was determined that racial segregation in schools was unconstitutional. In the case of Gideon v. Wainwright, the Supreme Court ruled that if a defendant cannot afford an attorney, then the state is legally required to provide one for them.
Subject: Criminal Justice
When arresting someone in the United States, the police recite a list called the Miranda Warning. What is the purpose of this list?
The police read this list in order to notify the suspect of their rights; however, one of the primary purposes of this list is to protect the suspect from self-incrimination.
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