Tutor profile: Marc T.
Subject: US Government and Politics
To what degree has the power of the federal government established in the US Constitution effected individual rights?
Anti-federalists were concerned that the national government could put individual liberties in peril. In Brutus 1, the author was concerned about the ability of the government to take power away from the states through the necessary and proper clause. Based on his experience with the British government, he predicted that states would not be able to protect their citizens from the encroachment of federal power that would ultimately erode rights granted by their local governments. In practice, the states have proven to be more capable of trespassing on individual liberties than the federal government. Minorities have suffered in several instances under the decisions of state governments. African Americans and women have relied on the national government through amendments and policy to uphold individual rights. The 14th, 15th and 19th Amendments were necessary to restrain the states from unjustly treating their citizens. Additionally, the federal courts have used their authority to ensure that rights are protected when state governments fail to ensure equal treatment under the law.
Subject: US History
How do Roosevelt and Wilson's decisions in international relations between 1900-1920 reflect the tension in American foreign policy during the 20th century?
Roosevelt and Wilson were both willing to exercise American power during their respective presidencies. Both men embraced American Exceptionalism. However, their motives for taking action in global affairs were remarkably different and have influenced subsequent policy actions. Roosevelt was a realist and used American power to secure economic and strategic goals. His decision to back Panamanian independence from Colombia to secure the land for the economically important Panama Canal epitomizes Roosevelt's foreign policy. Wilson was the idealist and used American power to secure moral ends. His efforts to install a more democratic government in Mexico and his call to arms in World War I to make the "world safe for democracy" reflect his outlook. Both perspectives continue to shape US foreign policy.
Subject: European History
How did the English Reformation influence political change in England during the 17th century?
Henry VIII's decision to leave the Catholic Church unleashed a series of consequences that would ultimately lead to limited monarchy under William and Mary in 1689. The establishment of the Church of England produced more diversity in English Protestantism than Henry could have anticipated. The growth of the Puritanism in England, a group more associated with Calvinism, would challenge the Tudors and Stuarts until Civil War erupted in the 1640s due in part to religious issues in England and Scotland. The end of the Civil War in 1649 led to a Commonwealth government under the leadership of Oliver Cromwell, a Puritan. Although the country returned to monarchy in the 1660s, King James II's transparent actions to embrace Catholicism in opposition to the Protestant faith of his subjects led to his removal through the Glorious Revolution. William and Mary came to the throne and accepted limitations of their power through the English Bill of Rights. Economic and political issues also played a significant role in this political transformation, but the religious forces unleashed by Henry VIII proved most consequential in England's path to limited monarchy.
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