Tutor profile: Grace G.
How did President Abraham Lincoln justify the suspension of Habeas Corpus? Did he have the authority to suspend habeas corpus through executive order?
Though the decision in Ex Parte Merryman determined that the power to suspend habeas corpus rested in the Congress, President Lincoln argued that the Constitution was not clear in Article I Section 9 about who should execute the requirements of the section in the event of a rebellion or invasion. Lincoln's attorney general argued that since Congress was often out of session, in the event of an emergency such as rebellion there would be no other person best suited to execute the provision other than the President. Ultimately, the US Congress would enact the Habeas Corpus Suspension Act in 1863 that would indemnify Lincoln's actions. Most legal scholars believe thanks to the enactment of the Habeas Corpus Suspension Act that the authority to suspend habeas corpus does in fact belong to Congress.
Subject: World History
What invention helped the Protestant Reformation and how?
The Protestant Reformation spread thanks to the invention of the printing press. With the printing press not only was the Bible available to the masses but proponents of the Protestant Reformation could spread other literature containing Martin Luther's (the father of the Reformation) writings.
Subject: US History
How did Teddy Roosevelt respond to the assassination of William McKinley? And had this action been taken prior to McKinley's assassination would it have prevented it?
Teddy Roosevelt supported and ultimately signed the Immigration Act of 1903, also known as the Anarchist Exclusion Act. The law excluded anarchists from entering the United States. This was partly a response to the assassination of William McKinley by an anarchist, Leon Czolgosz in 1901. However, Czolgosz was born in the United States so this act would have had no effect on him had it been enacted prior to McKinley's assassination.
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