Tutor profile: Sebastian S.
Subject: World History
What is correct, Aztec, Nahua or Mexica?
Nowadays, many schools teach these three terms as synonyms to define roughly the same group of indigenous people that lived in the central area of Mexico between the XIV and XV centuries. Properly speaking "there never were any 'Aztecs'" (Townsend, 2019), this was a later term created in the XVIII and XIX centuries to define the people in central Mexico, unifying the dominant with the one who were ruled by them. The dominant group called themselves the Mexica; other groups that shared a common culture and language with the Mexica, called themselves the Nahua.
Subject: US History
Why did the United States declare war against Mexico in 1846?
The Mexican-American war of 1846-1848 needs to be understood as part of the expansion of the United States towards the West. In December of 1845 the United States incorporated the Republic of Texas, which had become independent from Mexico in 1836, despite the protest of the Mexican government. At this time, Texas, and therefore the United States, considered the border with Mexico at the Rio Grande, while the Mexicans considered the border to be further north, at the Rio Nueces. In 1847, President James Polk sent troops to the disputed area. When the soldiers were attacked by Mexican troops–believing to be repelling an invading force–, the U.S. Congress declared war on Mexico on the president's behest. Polk claimed that Mexico "passed the boundary of the United States, has invaded our territory and shed American blood upon the American soil. She has proclaimed that hostilities have commenced, and that the two nations are now at war." (Polk, 1846).
Subject: European History
What was the extension of the Napoleonic Empire?
At its height, the First French Empire was comprised , though a series of annexed territories and client states, from Spain through most of central Europe, Italy, and with the Duchy of Warsaw as its easternmost territory. By controlling these territories, Napoleon not only exported the values of the French Revolution–as well as the Napoleonic code–but sought to institute an economic blockade, called the Continental System, against Great Britain. Although Russia and Portugal were coerced to adopt the system, the effectively continued trading with the British.
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