Tutor profile: Adena M.
Introduce yourself in Arabic.
!اسمي أدينا مولتون وأسكن في مدينة بلتمر في الولايات المتحدة. درست اللغة العربية في الجامعة وأظن أنه أجمل لغة في العالم!
Analyze the rhetorical style of the article, "The U.S.-Russian Deal on Syria: A Victory for Assad" by Shadi Hamid, which was published in the Atlantic in 2013. What argument is Hamid making? What methods does he use to convince his readers? Why? https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/09/the-us-russian-deal-on-syria-a-victory-for-assad/279680/
When it became clear that Syrian president Bashir Al-Assad used chemical weapons against his own people, President Obama threatened to attack. However, most Americans vehemently opposed any type of military action for highly emotional reasons. They regret the United States’ involvement in Iraq, resent the country’s presence in Afghanistan, and are wary of entangling the nation in yet another unwinnable international conflict. In the end, the United States, Russia, and Syria agreed that if Syria surrendered its arsenal of chemical weapons, the United States would not interfere in its civil war. Most Americans strongly supported this solution; however, Shadi Hamid, the author of the opinion editorial “The U.S.-Russian Deal on Syria: A Victory for Assad,” which was published on the website of The Atlantic, a respected, highly intellectual, and fairly liberal magazine, disagrees. Nevertheless, when writing his editorial, Hamid knew that relying on facts and figures, basing his appeal on logical arguments, would not convince his readers because, despite generally being more intellectual, educated, idealistic, and informed about the Syrian conflict than the average American, they probably still opposed military action in Syria for similar, emotional reasons. Therefore, while he certainly incorporates some authoritative and logical arguments, Hamid primarily bases his appeal on emotion by using shocking, even frightening diction and syntax to help readers sympathize with Syrian civilians, convince them that the United States was beaten, and to make them worry that not getting involved in Syria could create dangerous situations for the United States.
Subject: International Studies
Describe the role the Qur'an played in the development of Islamic culture and society.
The reverence with which Muslims hold the Qur’an means, in my opinion, that it impacted the rise of Islamic cultures and societies even more dramatically than the Bible affected the rise of Christian societies. The Qur’an admonishes believers to “recite of the Koran so much as is feasible,” and the text itself carries enormous weight. What I find interesting is that the Qur’an was the foundation of two completely different approaches to Islam: the highly legalistic codifying of Shari’ah law and the highly emotional mysticism. On the one hand, the Qur’an, much like the Torah, codifies rules of law that govern important aspects of life such as divorce, inheritance, and military engagement. It even specifies the division of booty won from war “the fifth of it is God’s, and the Messenger’s, and the near kinsman’s, and the orphans’, and for the needy, and the traveler.” Clerics and scholars then spent hundreds of years interpreting and extrapolating the words of the Qur’an as well as the Sunna to create an unbelievably complex legal system that addressed every topic imaginable. On the other hand, the incredible poetry in the Qur’an also lends it easily to mystical interpretations that place far less emphasis on the letter of the law and more on the emotions reverence of the Qur’an (as well as the Prophet and other saints) evoke as a way of communing with God. The richness of Islamic culture and thought is a testament to the richness of the Qur’an.
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