Tutor profile: Kari A.
Subject: World Geography
Describe the various reasons why people move and why such movement is significant.
There are three common reasons why the movement of people may take place. The first that comes to mind are physical environmental reasons. An example of this can be pollution, which may affect the ability of farmers to adequately irrigate their crops, which then leads them to find another source of income in a different location. Another example that is a recent concern is coastal erosion, which has put housing close to the coast in danger of losing property value and becoming obsolete in the coming years. Natural disasters can destroy the economy of a small town, leading residents to leave their home and restart elsewhere. Mother nature is a powerful being and can have a great impact on the movement of people. The political environment of a country or region often means people leave to seek safety elsewhere. We see this especially in the Syrian Civil War. Entire cities being bombed out has caused an influx of Syrian refugees to surrounding nations and to even nations in Europe, the United States, and around the world. These families did want to leave their homes, their culture, or their lifestyle, but are often forced to make fresh starts to ensure the safety and well being of the children and future generations. Economic reasons are probably at the forefront of why people move. As the aforementioned reasons for movement often go hand in hand with a person being able to work to provide for their family. If people cannot work, they must go elsewhere to find work. Sometime this may mean moving a town over, or it could mean moving to another country. More often than not, this leads to the movement of people from rural areas to cities, where economic opportunities are often more plentiful. The significance of the movement of people can have major outlying affects on a society, culture, and its resources. Movement of people from other cultures can create cultural and ethnic diversity in a small town in the United Kingdom, so much so that its landscape may look completely different that it did 100 years ago! Such mixing of cultures can often create tensions in society, such a racism. At the same time, it can also create a wonderful choice of restaurants! Movement of people may also create a strain on resources, as more people moving to an urban area increases the population and could put necessities such as housing in lurch as a city figures out how to create more housing, better roads, etc. to accommodate the growing population.
Subject: World History
How did the environment of post World War I Germany contribute to the rise of Hitler?
We tend to show shock and surprise at the realization of how Hitler was able to sweep an entire nation into such hateful and backward thinking. However, we must realize that human nature, if the setting is right, is capable of much. The chief culprit of such evil amongst average human intelligence is one thing: fear. When looking into the face of a hungry child and fearing their future, humanity is capable of much. This was the setting for the rise of Hitler. World War I reparations required by the Treaty of Versailles on the Germany economy was no joke, which sent Germany into political and economic turmoil. These required debts led the Weimar Republic to print more and more paper money, decreasing the value, so much so that it was often used for daily household chores like building a fire. The decrease in value caused the price of basic necessities to skyrocket, leaving many German people in the lurch. The German people looked for three things: hope, pride, and a scapegoat. Hitler provided each of these through his charismatic prose, German pride, and the blame of all ill that had befallen them: the Jewish race.
Subject: US History
How did Presidential Reconstruction and Radical Reconstruction differ?
Presidential Reconstruction, as designed by President Andrew Johnson in 1865, called for a relatively lenient stance in regards to the Southern states. Lands in the South were to be given back to their pre-war owners. Confederates were asked to pledge an oath of allegiance to the United States Constitution. Confederate states were asked to rewrite their constitutions to accommodate new anti-slavery measures. All in all, Presidential Reconstruction outlined simple steps for Southerners to be rejoined to the Union, if not in heart, at least on paper. In contrast, Radical Reconstruction, also known as the Reconstruction Acts of 1867, swung the pendulum of Reconstruction in the opposing direction, calling for justice for Southern states, and requiring stiffer equality in regards to Southern States' constitutions. This was accomplished through the exclusion of Confederate leaders in the writing of new state constitutions, which had to include ratification of the 14th Amendment and universal manhood suffrage and military governorship of the South until state amendments were finished. Such radical reconstruction led to the creation of the Ku Klux Klan and a focused effort to curtail these new requirements to return Southern states back to the culture of slavery.
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