Tutor profile: Gracie E.
Why is the phrase "I miss you" reversed as "Tu me manques" in French?
This is actually a wonderful question that promotes one of my favourite things about learning new languages: understanding and adopting new points of view! In French we say "Tu me manques" which directly translates as "You are missing to me". In French culture the act of missing someone is thought of as they were a part of you, but because they are no longer present - they are now missing from you. Therefore when you say you are missing someone you are saying that they are missing from you! I miss you -- Tu me manques
Subject: Study Skills
How do I plan a study schedule that will work for me?
Great question! It's important to be realistic and understanding when planning a study schedule. A lot of people tend to simply block of the night before an exam but let's be honest -- that doesn't always work. The absolute best thing you can do is plan to study for a short period of time every day for about a week before the exam! Evidence has shown that simply writing out a schedule can make people up to 20x more likely to actually do what they have planned. I would suggest that you start by looking at the logistics of your week and finding 45 minute periods throughout the day that you can set aside to focus on the chosen topic. These short periods will allow you to feel your preparation grow and is short enough that you should be able to stay focused throughout the session without the information becoming too overwhelming! I also find that a very effective study method to write up a study guide and then go through the study guide over and over as many times as possible! Repetition is important in preparing for exams - especially written repetition if possible! The most important thing is TIMING - make sure that you're prepared ahead of time and feeling good! Confidence is key! If possible I try to get most studying done ahead of time, and the night before an exam I try to go over the material lightly and not stress too much! A good night's sleep is also important in test taking!
What did the famous psychologist Ivan Pavlov (and his dogs) teach us about behaviour formation?
Ivan Pavlov used his dogs to study the formation of behaviour through classical conditioning. Classical conditioning focuses on the relationship between a stimulus and a consequent reaction. Pavlov noticed that his dogs would salivate (reaction) when their food (stimulus) was placed in front of them. He then noticed that they began to salivate when they heard the footsteps of the person bringing them their food. He started to realise that the dogs had unconsciously paired the sound of the footsteps with the food. He wanted to experiment further so he began ringing a bell every time that he fed his dogs in attempts to have them unconsciously pair the food with the bell. Sure enough, the bell (stimulus) began to trigger salivation (reaction); he then started playing the bell without delivering food to the dogs - and he found that just the sound of the bell would trigger salivation even without the food! The dogs were "classically conditioned" to react to a stimulus that previously would have caused no reaction. In this situation: BEFORE CONDITIONING Food = Salivation Bell = No reaction DURING CONDITIONING Food + Bell = Salivation AFTER CONDITIONING Bell = Salivation In conclusion, Pavlov helped discover that behaviour can be learned through the manipulation of stimuli and their consequent reactions.
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