Tutor profile: Luis V.
¿Como enseñar español como segundo lenguaje en un nivel intermedio?
Para poder enseñar español lo más importante es poder cultivar en el alumno el amor por aprender este idioma. Una forma muy eficaz de cultivar esta amor es a través de la literatura. A través de la lectura de novelas en español, el estudiante puede adentrarse en un mundo nuevo y fascinante. De esta manera el español puede fluir fácilmente a la hora de comprenderlo, leerlo, y hablarlo. El rol del tutor simplemente se debe de basar en guiar al estudiante en este nuevo mundo, y a ayudarlo a aprender nuevas palabras, frases y reglas.
How was Kant's influenced by the work of Copernicus?
The philosophy of Kant (especially The Critic of Pure Reason) tried to do the same that Copernicus did for astronomy. In the renaissance, Copernicus proposed a new cosmological hypothesis. He proposed that we were no longer the center of the universe (a heretical belief for the Christian doctrine). In his perspective, the earth is just another planet that revolves around the world. For this reason, for Kant, the "Copernican turn" represented a paradigm shift in our understanding of the world. In his first critique, he tries to explain to us that we can no longer be certain of the objectivity of the world that exists independently of our minds. We can only know the objects of our experience that have been shaped by the structure of our minds. Therefore, we can only have access to our phenomenal world and not to the "thing-in-itself" of the noumenon. This radical view of the world has influenced philosophers until the present. Without his ideas, philosophers like Hegel, Schelling, Heidegger, etc. would have never existed. Without Kant's critiques modernity would be very empty.
Durkheim, one of the fathers of Sociology, proposed two forms of solidarity. What are they, and how are they different?
In the division of labor and society, Durkheim analyzed the social organization of traditional and modern societies. From this analysis, he proposed two forms of solidarity: mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity. He defined mechanical solidarity to the way traditional societies shared the same labor and beliefs with a strong communal bond. On the other hand, for Durkheim, organic solidarity represented the transition from traditional societies to modernity. Organic solidarity refers to the way individuals shared their solidarity by performing different tasks necessary for the functioning of modern society. In this pluralistic society, each individual will work like the organs of a body; this is the reason why Durkheim named this social interaction, 'organic solidarity.'