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Tutor profile: Katie S.

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Katie S.
International Studies Major at Vassar College
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Questions

Subject: Spanish

TutorMe
Question:

Why is the subjunctive tense used to translate "I want Mary to buy a bicycle" (Quiero que Mary compre una bicicleta) but not "I want to buy a pony" (Quiero comprar una bicicleta)?

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Katie S.
Answer:

The present subjunctive tense is used when a sentence has these elements: 1. Two Different Subjects One subject in the main/independent clause and one in the noun/dependent clause. 2. Two Verbs: One WEIRDO and One Subjunctive A WEIRDO verb signals that the verb in the next clause will be in the subjunctive. WEIRDO stands for Wishes, Emotions, Interpersonal expressions, Recommendations, Doubt/denial, and Ojalá. In the first sentence, there are two subjects: me and Mary. There is also a WEIRDO verb, "want," which is a Desire. That is why the second verb, "buy" is translated in the present subjunctive. The second sentence only has one subject: me. That is why the second verb, "buy," is translated in the indicative rather than subjunctive mood.

Subject: Writing

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Question:

What is the structure of a body paragraph in an essay?

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Katie S.
Answer:

Introduction sentence - the first sentence of a body paragraph should summarize what you are going to prove in this paragraph. This sentence should be directly related to your essay's thesis statement, though it may add nuance or complicate your original statement in a higher level paper. Evidence - next, you will need to cite evidence to support your claim. Start by giving some context to the quote you will be citing. Then, insert a quote or paraphrase with a proper citation (depends on citation style you will be using). Next, you must explain why this quote supports your claim. Go one step further by analyzing the quote for a deeper meaning beyond what is obviously stated by the text. Each body paragraph should have 2-3 quotes to support the introduction sentence. Conclusion sentence - the last sentence of a body paragraph should summarize what you have proved in this paragraph, but it should not repeat the introduction sentence. Your analysis of the evidence will have deepened your original claim, so you can make a more nuanced argument by the end of the paragraph. You might also want to look for a way to connect what you have proved in this paragraph to what you will be proving in the next paragraph.

Subject: English

TutorMe
Question:

Which sentence is written correctly? 1) Anita went to the market, and picked up a dozen eggs. 2) Anita went to the market; and picked up a dozen eggs. 3) Anita went to the market and picked up a dozen eggs.

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Katie S.
Answer:

3) Anita went to the market and picked up a dozen eggs. In this sentence, "and" is a coordinating conjunction because it connects two clauses: "Anita went to the market" and "picked up a dozen eggs." You must put a comma before a coordinating conjunction when it connects two independent clauses. Independent clauses are full sentences. Because "picked up a dozen eggs" is not a full sentence, it is not an independent clause. Therefore, the first answer is incorrect because a comma is not needed before "and." The second answer is incorrect because a semicolon is used to connect two independent clauses. "Picked up a dozen eggs" is not a full sentence, so it is not an independent clause. The third answer is correct because you do not need to put a comma before a coordinating conjunction when you connect an independent clause ("Anita went to the market") with a dependent clause ("picked up a dozen eggs").

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