Tutor profile: Amber D.
Subject: World History
How exactly did World War II end? How were the Axis forces defeated?
Russia was removed from the Axis forces when Hitler declared war against them, breaking the German-Soviet Nonaggression pact. Itlay surrendered in April 1945 after fascist leader Benito Mussolini was arrested and executed. Germany fell in May 1945 at the Battle of Berlin after Hitler, choosing death than to surrender, shot himself in his bunker. The war continued on until August 1945 when America bombed the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. After the bombings, and Russia declaring war, Japan surrendered and World War II came to an end.
Subject: US History
During the colonization of the New World, which European nation had better luck negotiating with the native people?
During the colonization of the New World, many European nations arrived in hopes of opportunity, wealth, and possible settlement. Spain, the first European nation to arrive, was only in it for wealth and pillaged the world for their gains. Spaniards labeled the natives as "savages", forced them into enslavement, and forced them to convert to Catholicism. Their success would be short-lived as their new abundance of silver would lead to inflation. England was successful either during its initial stages. Although they were not as violent as the Spanish, the British were not friendly either. The British relied on the natives for survival (food, water, crops, dealing with enemies). However, they were in it for themselves and became more interested in making the natives conform to their ways, which was not successful. On the other hand, the French settlers were quite successful with the natives. Being friendlier to the people and providing excellent trading, the French were able to develop stronger relationships with the people. These relationships survived up to the end of the French and Indian war.
Subject: European History
Did the actions of World War I result in the circumstances of World War II?
Yes and no. World War I resulted at an end of many empires, the destruction of many countries, and the deaths of 20 million people. The world, both the winners and losers, wanted to see to it that a similar war never happened again. However, Germany, due to propaganda, felt betrayed. The sudden news of the defeat, coupled with Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles, made many Germans feel as if they were stabbed in the back. This would include war veteran Adolf Hitler, who would eventually become Chancellor and Führer of Germany. Hitler, with the goal of world domination and ethnic cleansing, gradually began to conquer countries. Europe, in hopes of avoiding a second world war, allowed Hitler to get away with it with appeasement. It wasn't until Germany invaded Poland in September of 1939 when Europe had no choice but to declare war, commencing World War II.
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