Tutor profile: Morrigan R.
Subject: Gender Studies
What is toxic masculinity and how does it negatively impact men?
Toxic masculinity is the result of systematic teaching of boys and men throughout life that it is "unmanly" and therefore bad to express emotions or act in any way resembling the characteristics we commonly attribute to women. This concept negatively impacts men because from a young age it can emotionally damage them and disrupt the natural human development patterns of emotional intelligence and communication skills. As a result of these reinforced behaviors, some men exhibit violent outbursts in the shape of domestic violence, sexual assault, or mass shootings. This can be linked with an inability to express one's inner feelings or struggles and feeling the need to release a build up of negative feelings in some way, or to be recognized and validated for one's struggles. Furthermore, some men who identify as gay or queer can struggle to be accepted by their families or communities if they come from backgrounds of a more conservative nature that tend to promote the ideals of masculinity. Men who grow up in families like this can have lifelong struggles of experiencing and processing their own emotions, making both work and social interactions more difficult.
Subject: Comparative Studies
Compare: How do industrialized food systems and environmental pollution disparately affect women of color?
Women of color have historically served in very particular roles in global labor forces due to systemic oppression. Many of these roles are minimum wage, low skill, or factory positions. A strong example of the intersection between women of color and the industrialized food system would be the tendency for factories to employ women of color and immigrants to cut labor costs. As a marginilized and vulnerable community, black or hispanic women are less likely to push back against unfair wages or unsafe working conditions due to the firm need of the job itself and an inability to acquire legal aid for protection, especially if the worker is of undocumented status. Due to the nature of the factory work, many women of color develop illnesses, or chronic injuries from the repetitive work itself. However, living nearby industrial factories has scientifically proven to increase rates of cancer, heart issues, lung issues, and birth defects. Due to the systematic marginalization of women of color and immigrants, they are forced to take dangerous jobs and live in geographic regions that poison both them and their families. It is clear that there is a strong intersection between women of colors' rights, workers' rights, and environmental issues.
Subject: Art History
What is the intersection between psychology and art in abstract expressionism?
Abstract expressionism was a popular contemporary art style in 30's and 40's, particularly in the United States New york art scene. Artists working in this style, like Jackson Pollock, sought to create universal themes in their work through color and form. It was believed that a successful piece of abstract expressionist art could connect with the viewer's subconscious in order to recognize the meaning of the work. These ideas were pulled directly from famous psychoanalyst Carl Jung, who wrote many works pertaining to ideas of the collective subconscious connecting all of humanity. Many artists that created in this style also practiced free-association, or automatic, drawings in which they attempted to allow their subconscious to guide their artistic medium to uncover the desires and feelings of their unconscious. Abstract expressionism and Jungian thought champions the process itself rather than the result, similar to many contemporary psychotherapy and psychoanalysis practices.
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