Tutor profile: Marie E.
Subject: US Government and Politics
Are Supreme Court nominations more political now than they have been in the past?
While the nominations of Supreme Court justices have always been strategic, it is only relatively recently that the Senate has voted completely with party lines on different justices. Ruth Bader Ginsburg in 1993 was one of the most liberal justices on the court but was elected in the senate with 96 out of 99 senators voting for her. In comparison, our last confirmed justice was Brett Kavanaugh in 2018 with 54 out of 99 senators voting for him and voting completely across party lines. While justices on the Supreme Court do not always vote according to their party after elected, within the past 20 years the nominations to the Supreme Court have become more focused on the justices political leanings than their qualifications.
Can your personality change throughout your life?
It is generally agreed that personality results from a mix of your environment and your genetics. There is not a consensus in the academic community about how the environment or your biology can change your personality. It has been found that personality tends to have 40-50% heritability, meaning that about 40-50% of your personality is determined by your genes. Some psychologists, such as Freud, believe that your personality does not change past childhood; you are who you are, and your childhood experiences define who you are. Other psychologists portray a more hopeful outlook, such as Carol Dweck, who believe that your personality can change as you experience different life experiences past childhood.
Subject: US History
Political cartoons have been used since the 18th century to spread a message about the current political state of our country. Do you think that they have the same effect on modern society as they did in the 20th century? Explain.
Ultimately, I think they have different effects on modern society. Political cartoons have been a visual way to spread a message to the masses in America for the last 250 years, starting with Benjamin Franklin's "Join or Die" cartoon in 1754. They have had to change in their platforms through all that time; rather than being portrayed solely in a newspaper or other print form, they are now spread through social media or other online platforms. In the 18th century, they were the only way to mass communicate to the people a visual critique about a candidate or an idea. Since Gutenberg's invention of the printing press, a newspaper was one of the only ways to get current information on how the public thinks about a candidate outside of relying on word of mouth and political cartoonists used illustrations as a way to spread a message. In modern day, however, political cartoons are not as prominent in an age where we are constantly flooded with information. They are not considered as shocking or rebellious as they once were, for example looking at the public response of "Gin Lane" by Hogarth. However, a similarity among past and modern day political cartoons, is that they reflect our ability to critique a political figure freely in our society. They both also reflect how our society has always valued humor as a way to affect the way we feel about different issues in a powerful way. While it has changed in many ways to fit an online based society, they show continuity between their ability to reflect the power in humor our society has always valued.
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