Tutor profile: John T.
Subject: World History
Belgium's King Leopold reported that he was taking over the Congo in the late 19th Century to help the Congolese by keeping them free from slavery and Christianizing them. Were those really his motivations?
Leopold got the okay from the other European colonialists and laid claim to the African nation. Utilizing vastly superior military weapons, tactics, and organization, he was able to gain enormous amounts of ivory, rubber, and crops, profiting himself. It is estimated that his brutal reign led to the death of more than 10 million Congolese.
Subject: US History
Did Abraham Lincoln really "free the slaves"? As a presidential candidate and his early years as president, he continually argued that he was not an abolitionist. So why do many credit him with "freeing the slaves"?
Lincoln didn't push for emancipation immediately, believing that it would be too-much too-soon for most of the American voters and would be doomed in Congress. But his election was a threat to the southern slave states. They feared that he would free their slaves, and seceded from the U.S. When the U.S. went to war with the South to keep the country together, and Lincoln needed the support of the voters, so he emphasized it the war was to keep the country together, NOT to free slaves. As the war progressed and the casualties piled up, the North grew to hate the South, including their "peculiar institution." When the time was right, Lincoln issued his Emancipation Proclamation, changing the focus of the war as well as the nation.
Subject: European History
How could a Serbian teenager shooting and killing an Austrian archduke in 1914 set off a world war?
The assassination of Franz Ferdinand set off a chain of paybacks that led to war. The Austrians saw the murder as a perfect opportunity to crush Serbia, and summoned its allied countries, including Germany, to retaliate. But Serbia had partners in Russia, who had agreements with both Britain and France. Like two rival gangs fighting over turf, business deals led to Europe being carved up into two camps.
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