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Tutor profile: Francois S.

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Francois S.
French (Native) - PhD Politics, University of Oxford
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Questions

Subject: French

TutorMe
Question:

Comment s'accorde le participe passé en français ?

Inactive
Francois S.
Answer:

L'accord du participe passé semble compliqué, mais c'est en réalité assez simple lorsque l'on retient ces 3 règles: - si l'auxiliaire est le verbe ETRE: le participe passé va s'accorder avec le sujet ! Exemple: Ils sont venuS ! - si l'auxiliaire est le verbe AVOIR: le participe passé ne s'accorde pas ! Exemple: Elle a couru ! - si l'auxiliaire est le verbe AVOIR, mais que le complément d'object direct se trouve avant le sujet, alors le participe passé s'accorde ! Exemple: La fille que j'ai aperçuE - le participe passé s'accorde parce que le complément d'object direct, la fille, se trouve avant le sujet, je ! J'ai aperçu qui ? La Fille !

Subject: International Relations

TutorMe
Question:

What are the strengths and limitations of the “Greed and Grievance” thesis?

Inactive
Francois S.
Answer:

The greed and grievance model does not provide a relevant framework to have a deep and holistic understanding of a conflict. If it does provide a set of criteria that make a country more likely to fall into civil war, it does not have any predictive capacity nor any explanation to why a conflict occurs at a specific moment. Moreover, studying conflicts solely through the lens of this framework raises questions regarding the production of knowledge and discourses. The Power-Knowledge dyadic relationship explored by Foucault highlights the epistemology, the construction of knowledge and the production of international policies based on the assumption that conflicts are to be understood within the greed and grievance model.

Subject: African History

TutorMe
Question:

How can one characterise political authority in Africa in the 19th century ?

Inactive
Francois S.
Answer:

The political geography approach demonstrates how spatial structures, not exogenous factors, shaped the de-territorialized conception of power in Africa in the 18th century. This particularly dismisses any attempt to use the Weberian State model in a comparative perspective to understand pre-colonial realities. Moreover, political geography highlights the high costs of broadcasting power for rulers, therefore making any attempt to centralization difficult. Rulers used external incentives such as trade and guns to be more efficient in that end, but could never reach a highly centralized political structure on a defined territory, even though one can see a trend towards centralization throughout the studied period

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